Learn More
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia has a high natural mortality of a largely environmental aetiology. There is, however, little research about possible risk factors. This study measured the diet, cigarette and alcohol use, exercise and obesity of a cohort of people with schizophrenia and compared results to general population rates. METHODS Semi-structured(More)
We previously reported the cDNA cloning of three new forms of P450, CYP4F4, CYP4F5, and CYP4F6, from a rat brain cDNA library. In the present study, we expressed CYP4F4 and CYP4F5 in Escherichia coli using the pCWOri expression vector with a modification of their N-terminal amino acid sequences and the incorporation of a C-terminal [His]4 tag to aid in(More)
Vancomycin is an important drug for the treatment of Gram-positive bacterial infections. Resistance to vancomycin has begun to appear, posing a serious public health threat. Vancomycin analogs containing modified carbohydrates are very active against resistant microorganisms. Results presented here show that these carbohydrate derivatives operate by a(More)
This study investigated the structure-activity relationships and kinetic properties of a library of kynurenate analogues as inhibitors of 3H-L-glutamate transport into rat forebrain synaptic vesicles. The lack of inhibitory activity observed with the majority of the monocyclic pyridine derivatives suggested that the second aromatic ring of the(More)
Cell division of Escherichia coli is inhibited when the SulA protein is induced in response to DNA damage as part of the SOS checkpoint control system. The SulA protein interacts with the tubulin-like FtsZ division protein. We investigated the effects of purified SulA upon FtsZ. SulA protein inhibits the polymerization and the GTPase activity of FtsZ, while(More)
Twenty-six quinoline-2,4-dicarboxylic acids (QDC's) were synthesized by a modified Doebner-von Miller pathway and tested as inhibitors against the glutamate vesicular transport (GVT) protein. The QDC's were active as inhibitors with the most potent QDC's found to contain halogens at the 6-/8-position, a hydroxyl at the 8-position, or a tethered aromatic(More)
The function of cytochrome P450 (P450) in the mammalian brain is not well understood. In an effort to further this understanding, this study identifies two endogenous substrates for P450 2D18. Previous reports have shown that this isoform is expressed in the rat brain, and the recombinant enzyme catalyzes the N-demethylation of the antidepressants(More)
Using an intramolecular [2 + 2] photocyclization, 2,4-methanopyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate was prepared as a conformationally locked analogue of glutamate. This compound, in combination with two other pyrrolidine dicarboxylates, has been used to define the structural elements that differentiate substrate and nonsubstrate inhibitors of a high-affinity,(More)
Eleven depressed patients with seasonal affective disorder completed three different treatments of 1 week each given in a balanced order with a 1-week withdrawal between each week of treatment. The three treatments were photoperiod extension with bright light, or with dim light, and light augmentation with bright light without a change in photoperiod. Most(More)
The FtsZ protein is a GTPase that is essential for cell division in Escherichia coli. During cytokinesis, FtsZ localizes to a ring at the leading edge of septum synthesis. We report the GTP-dependent polymerization of purified FtsZ measured by sedimentation and light scattering. Electron microscopy of polymerized FtsZ revealed structures including tubules(More)