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Data from a large series of experiments on marmosets with lesions of the septal/diagonal band area (DB), fornix or CA1 area of the hippocampus are analysed in terms of retention of information learned before surgery, acquisition of new information and retention of information acquired after surgery. It is shown that although all three lesions impair… (More)
Monkeys with bilateral excitotoxic lesion of the CA1 field of the hippocampus were severely impaired at learning visuospatial conditional tasks. This was not a general spatial impairment, because the animals were not impaired on serial spatial reversal, which requires response flexibility in the spatial domain; they were not impaired at learning to choose… (More)
Cerebral arteriosclerosis was observed upon necropsy of a 36-yr-old female captive polar bear (Ursus maritimus) that developed a sudden onset of seizure-like activity and died. The medium and large cerebral arteries of the meninges had moderate to severe diffuse discoloration and mineralization of the matrix of the tunica media, with little or no associated… (More)
An acute organic brain syndrome occurred in a patient being treated with inhaled atropine sulfate. Immediate reversal of the patient's mental status was achieved with intravenous administration of physostigmine.
The brain-stem electroencephalograph (EEG)-evoked response (BSER) constitutes a reliable and objective method of testing hearing in infants, and in uncooperative, or retarded patients. The procedure is harmless and painless, and involves recording the EEG brain-stem responses to clicks presented by headphones. The patient may be sedated, or even… (More)
There are no approved therapies for muscle wasting in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which portends poor disease outcomes. To determine whether a soluble ActRIIb receptor Fc fusion protein (ActRIIB.Fc), a ligand trap for TGF-β/activin family members including myostatin, can prevent or restore loss of lean body mass and body… (More)