Learn More
We present the first fully variational Bayesian inference scheme for continuous Gaussian-process-modulated Poisson processes. Such point processes are used in a variety of domains, including neuroscience, geo-statistics and astronomy , but their use is hindered by the computational cost of existing inference schemes. Our scheme: requires no discretisation(More)
PET measurements of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were used to explore frontal lobe dysfunction in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). An activation paradigm of executive frontal lobe function (verbal fluency), which contrasted rCBF during word generation and word repetition, was used. Two groups of ALS patients, defined by the presence or absence of(More)
We used the benzodiazepine GABA(A) marker [(11)C] flumazenil to study cerebral dysfunction in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with PET. Seventeen non-demented patients with clinically definite or probable ALS were scanned and statistical parametric maps were derived to localize changes in regional flumazenil volumes of distribution (FMZVD), which(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) was used to investigate the location of cerebral cortical and subcortical abnormalities in non-demented patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Involvement of the frontal lobes was investigated with a task of executive frontal lobe function (verbal fluency/word generation), using a PET activation paradigm. Two(More)
BACKGROUND Variants of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene influence the age of onset of Alzheimer's disease. APOE may influence the presentation of other neurological diseases. We investigated the relationship between the allelic variants of apolipoprotein E and clinical presentation in motor neuron disease. METHODS 123 patients with motor neuron disease(More)
The cause of motor neuron disease (MND) remains unknown, but the pathogenic involvement of excitatory amino acid (EAA) neurotransmitters and related exogenous compounds has been proposed. We discuss current concepts of the mechanisms of action of EAAs and the evidence for links between these neurotransmitters and free radical hypotheses of neuronal damage.(More)
We have performed proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy centred on the putamen contralateral to the worst affected side in 10 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and motor response fluctuations and seven age matched healthy controls. In PD, there was striking reduction in the N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and creatine and NAA/choline ratios(More)
Modern applications of data fusion are rarely starved of data but they look more challenging because the data can be diverse (hard and soft), uncertain and ambiguous, and often swamped by irrelevant detail. This paper presents a mathematical framework for dealing with these issues. It manages diverse data by representing it in the common format of a kernel(More)
The CellML language was developed in response to the need for a high-level language to represent and exchange mathematical models of biological processes. The flexible structure of CellML allows modellers to construct mathematical models of the same biological system in many different ways. However, some modelling styles do not naturally lead to clear(More)