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Knowledge modelling techniques are widely adopted for designing knowledge-based systems (KBS) and these systems are important for knowledge management. This paper argues the need and importance of adopting Unified Modeling Language (UML) for knowledge modelling through the profile extension mechanism. KBS are developed using knowledge engineering (KE)(More)
Knowledge Management (KM) is a field that has attracted much attention both in academic and practitioner circles. Most KM projects appear to be primarily concerned with knowledge that can be quantified and can be captured, codified and stored-an approach more deserving of the label Information Management. Recently there has been recognition that some(More)
Experiments designed to examine the energy requirements of neurophysiological function were performed on isolated rabbit retina. Function was altered by photic stimulation or by function-specific drugs, and the response of energy metabolism was assessed by simultaneous measurements of O2 consumption and lactate production. In other experiments, the supply(More)
Modern commercial organisations are facing pressures which have caused them to lose personnel. When they lose people, they also lose their knowledge. Organisations also have to cope with the internationalisation of business forcing collaboration and knowledge sharing across time and distance. Knowledge management (KM) claims to tackle these issues. This(More)
Innovation and knowledge sharing across professional boundaries: Political interplay between boundary objects and brokers. Abstract The article examines the process of innovation and knowledge sharing from a perspective that focuses on the influence that local circumstances can have. In particular, it looks at the problems of knowledge sharing between(More)
Organisations are increasingly recognising the importance of managing what they consider their most valuable asset: knowledge. This work is a contribution towards that end, proposing a system for representing, recording, using, retrieving, and managing individual and group knowledge: a group memory system. This paper describes the high-level objective of(More)
*As counted by MS Word 'word count' command. This includes all of the body of the report but none of the other appendices. Abstract As organisations increasingly rely on geographically dispersed workforces there is an emerging need to collaborate on projects that span distributed teams and different time frames. This includes a need for collaboration in the(More)