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BACKGROUND Enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) have been shown to reduce length of hospital stay (LOS) and complications in colorectal surgery. Whether ERPs have the same benefits in open liver resection surgery is unclear, and randomized clinical trials are lacking. METHODS Consecutive patients scheduled for open liver resection were randomized to an ERP(More)
Induction of class I MHC-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses by soluble proteins or peptides requires complex adjuvants or carrier systems which are not licensed for use with human vaccines. The data presented in this report show that vaccination with a highly purified recombinant influenza protein antigen in aluminium hydroxide adjuvant, the(More)
Influenza A/PR/8/34-derived chimeric (D) protein (SK&F 106160) composed of the first 81 amino acids (aa) of NS1 fused to the conserved 157 C-terminal aa of HA2 (NS1 1-81-HA2 65-222) was previously shown to induce H-2d-restricted protective cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) immunity in inbred mice. However, D protein, like other small peptides, exhibited(More)
The concept of 'enhanced recovery' following elective surgery is becoming increasingly prominent in the world of perioperative practice. Enhanced recovery pathways (ERP) are being implemented in more and more trusts throughout the UK, and in multiple different surgical specialties. But what does enhanced recovery actually mean and how does it impact upon(More)
We have investigated the interaction of the SH2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) and Jak2 in an erythropoietin (Epo)-dependent human leukemia cell line, UT-7/Epo, using reciprocal immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting. The Epo-induced kinetics and dose response on phosphorylated Jak2 in anti-SHP-1 precipitates of UT-7/Epo cell lysates were(More)
A recombinant influenza A vaccine (D protein), comprising a carboxy-terminal sequence from the hemagglutinin HA2 subunit of A/Puerto Rico/8/34 virus (H1N1, A/PR/34) fused to 81 amino-terminal residues of the NS1 nonstructural protein, has previously protected mice against influenza A challenge by inducing H1N1/H2N2 cross-reactive cytotoxic T cells (CTL)(More)
Peptidyl O-acyl hydroxamates having appropriate active-site recognition features are very potent time-dependent inhibitors of the cysteine proteinase cathepsin B. The inhibition is irreversible, and the inactivation rate is strongly dependent on peptide structure and correct positioning of the P1 amino acid carbonyl group. Lipophilic O-acyl groups provide(More)
Fast-track surgery or enhanced recovery programmes (ERP) have been shown to improve patient outcomes with shorter post-operative recovery times, fewer complications and more cost-effective care amongst the reported benefits. Traditionally, the effectiveness of ERPs have been assessed by measuring clinical outcomes, with the patient experience often being(More)