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Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) is known to play an important role in osteoclast formation. However, its actions on mature cells have not been fully characterized. We now report that M-CSF dramatically stimulates osteoclastic motility and spreading; osteoclasts responded to a gradient of M-CSF with orientation, and random cell polarization(More)
We recently found that estrogen deficiency leads to a lowering of thiol antioxidant defenses in rodent bone. Moreover, administration of agents that increase the concentration in bone of glutathione, the main intracellular antioxidant, prevented estrogen-deficiency bone loss, whereas depletion of glutathione by buthionine sulfoximine administration provoked(More)
We have previously noted that a relatively large load (150 N) is required to induce a strain on the cortex of rat vertebrae similar to that induced on weight-bearing bones by normal mechanical usage. It seems unlikely that the musculature of the tail normally imposes loads of this magnitude, and this suggests that the quantity of bone in caudal vertebrae is(More)
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