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Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) is known to play an important role in osteoclast formation. However, its actions on mature cells have not been fully characterized. We now report that M-CSF dramatically stimulates osteoclastic motility and spreading; osteoclasts responded to a gradient of M-CSF with orientation, and random cell polarization(More)
We have recently developed an experimental system whereby pins inserted into the seventh and ninth caudal vertebrae of rat tails are used to load the eighth caudal vertebrae (C-8) in compression. In this model, a single 5-min period of dynamic loading, sufficient to induce strains within the range to which bones are exposed under physiological(More)
We recently developed an experimental model whereby a single 10-min episode of mechanical stimulation induces bone formation in the eighth caudal vertebra of 13-wk-old rats. We used this model to relate the kinetics of the bone-forming response, as measured by administration of fluorescent markers, to an in situ hybridization analysis of changes in mRNA for(More)
We recently found that estrogen deficiency leads to a lowering of thiol antioxidant defenses in rodent bone. Moreover, administration of agents that increase the concentration in bone of glutathione, the main intracellular antioxidant, prevented estrogen-deficiency bone loss, whereas depletion of glutathione by buthionine sulfoximine administration provoked(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that a hookworm infection producing 50 eggs/gram of feces may protect against asthma. We conducted a dose-ranging study to identify the dose of hookworm larvae necessary to achieve 50 eggs/gram of feces for therapeutic trials of asthma. Ten healthy subjects without asthma or airway hyperresponsiveness to inhaled methacholine(More)
We used a model whereby mechanical stimulation induces bone formation in rat caudal vertebrae, to test the effect of estrogen on this osteogenic response. Unexpectedly, estrogen administered daily throughout the experiments (8-11 d) suppressed, and ovariectomy enhanced, mechanically induced osteogenesis. Osteogenesis was unaffected by the(More)
We recently found that estrogen deficiency leads to a lowering of thiol antioxidant defenses in rodent bone. Moreover, administration of agents that increase the concentration in bone of glutathione, the main intracellular antioxidant, prevented estrogen-deficiency bone loss, whereas depletion of glutathione by buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) administration(More)
No defects related to deficiency of the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein (WASp) have been described in osteoclasts. Here we show that there are significant morphologic and functional abnormalities. WASp-null cells spread over a much larger surface area and are highly polykaryotic. In their migratory phase, normal cells assemble clusters of podosomes behind(More)
We have recently developed an experimental model in which pins, inserted into the 7th and 9th caudal vertebrae of 13-wk-old rats, are used to load the 8th caudal vertebra in compression. We have now applied this model to assess the responsiveness of rat cancellous bone to mechanical stimulation. We found that daily exposure to loads that induce strains(More)