Chris J. Novotny

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A goal of personalized medicine as applied to oncology is to identify compounds that exploit a defined molecular defect in a cancerous cell. A compound called procaspase-activating compound 1 (PAC-1) was reported that enhances the activity of procaspase-3 in vitro and induces apoptotic death in cancer cells in culture and in mouse xenograft models.(More)
The A alpha locus is one of four mating-type loci that control sexual development in Schizophyllum commune. A alpha has nine alternative mating types (A alpha 1-A alpha 9) which encode specific alleles of two homeodomain-related proteins, Y and Z. For example, proteins Y4 and Z4 are encoded by A alpha 4, and Y5 and Z5 are encoded by A alpha 5. Our previous(More)
A critical event in the apoptotic cascade is the proteolytic activation of procaspases to active caspases. The caspase autoactivating compound PAC-1 induces cancer cell apoptosis and exhibits antitumor activity in murine xenograft models when administered orally as a lipid-based formulation or implanted s.c. as a cholesterol pellet. However, high doses of(More)
PAC-1 is a preferential small molecule activator of procaspase-3 and has potential to become a novel and effective anticancer agent. The rational development of PAC-1 for translational oncologic applications would be advanced by coupling relevant in vitro cytotoxicity studies with pharmacokinetic investigations conducted in large mammalian models possessing(More)
Precision medicines exert selective pressure on tumour cells that leads to the preferential growth of resistant subpopulations, necessitating the development of next-generation therapies to treat the evolving cancer. The PIK3CA-AKT-mTOR pathway is one of the most commonly activated pathways in human cancers, which has led to the development of(More)
Autophagy is a conserved cellular process that involves the degradation of cellular components for energy maintenance and cytoplasmic quality control that has recently gained interest as a novel target for a variety of human diseases, including cancer. A prime candidate to determine the potential therapeutic benefit of targeting autophagy is the kinase(More)
Procaspase-Activating Compound 1 (PAC-1) is an ortho-hydroxy N-acyl hydrazone that enhances the enzymatic activity of procaspase-3 in vitro and induces apoptosis in cancer cells. An analogue of PAC-1, called S-PAC-1, was evaluated in a veterinary clinical trial in pet dogs with lymphoma and found to have considerable potential as an anticancer agent. With(More)
We discuss the axial dynamics of laser-cooled relativistic C 3+ ion beams at moderate bunching voltages. Schottky noise spectra measured at a beam energy of 122 MeV/u are compared to simulations of the axial beam dynamics. Ions confined in the bucket are addressed by the narrow-band force of a laser beam counter-propagating to the ion beam, while the laser(More)
Among 234 haemophiliacs (A and B) treated between 1948 and 1975 at the First Medical Clinic of the University of Vienna, 25 (10.8%) with 36 peripheral nerve lesions have been observed. This amounts to 15.3% or 2.4 lesions within 100 observation years. The average age of the patients at the time of development of lesion was 26.4 years. Correlations between(More)