Chris J. D. Norley

Learn More
Knowledge of human blood-flow waveforms is required for in vitro investigations and numerical modelling. Parameters of interest include: velocity and flow waveform shapes, inter- and intra-subject variability and frequency content. We characterized the blood-velocity waveforms in the left and right common carotid arteries (CCAs) of 17 normal volunteers (24(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Blood flow dynamics are thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis and treatment of intracranial aneurysms; however, hemodynamic quantities of interest are difficult to measure in vivo. This study shows that computational fluid dynamics (CFD) combined with computed rotational angiography can provide such hemodynamic(More)
Exposure of the skin of the back of skh-1 hairless mice to UVB (310 nm peak) irradiation at doses of 0.115-0.23 J/cm2 results after 24-48 h in an erythema which can be quantified using an erythema meter, providing a useful model of sunburn. Application of pure d-alpha-tocopherol acetate, a thick oil, to the skin immediately following the exposure to UVB(More)
Precise, noninvasive analysis and quantification of in vivo body composition is essential for research involving longitudinal, small-animal disease models. We investigated the feasibility and precision of a rapid, flat-panel μCT scanner to report whole body adipose tissue volume (ATV), lean tissue volume (LTV), skeletal tissue volume (STV), and bone mineral(More)
To describe 4 T MRI techniques in imaging chondrocalcinosis within the knee and examine the results together with those demonstrated using three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography, conventional radiography, and arthroscopy. From a larger clinical imaging study of early osteoarthritis, knee arthroscopy patients were imaged using high-field MRI and(More)
Gadolinium-DTPA enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has been used to demonstrate uterine vascular changes during ovoimplantation and artificially induced decidualization in rats. Evans blue dye and Gd-DTPA were injected i.v. into rats 10 h after unilateral decidualization was induced by injection of sesame oil into the lumen of one uterine horn.(More)
Microcomputed tomography (Micro-CT) has the potential to noninvasively image the structure of organs in rodent models with high spatial resolution and relatively short image acquisition times. However, motion artifacts associated with the normal respiratory motion of the animal may arise when imaging the abdomen or thorax. To reduce these artifacts and the(More)
PURPOSE To develop and evaluate a technique for measuring the radial resistive force, chronic outward force, and dimensions of self-expanding stents. MATERIALS AND METHODS A Mylar film was looped around the stent, threaded through two carbon fiber rods, and immersed in a 37 degrees C oil bath. A force gauge mounted on a micro-positioning stage was used to(More)
Mammalian DREAM is a conserved protein complex that functions in cellular quiescence. DREAM contains an E2F, a retinoblastoma (RB)-family protein, and the MuvB core (LIN9, LIN37, LIN52, LIN54, and RBBP4). In mammals, MuvB can alternatively bind to BMYB to form a complex that promotes mitotic gene expression. Because BMYB-MuvB is essential for proliferation,(More)
OBJECTIVE We demonstrate the feasibility of 4D intravenous computed tomographic (CT) subtraction cerebral angiography using in vitro, anthropomorphic techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS High-resolution 3D cone-beam CT datasets (0.45 mm isotropic voxel size, 120 kVp, 90 mA) of a cadaver-derived cerebrovascular phantom, containing a saccular aneurysm, were(More)