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We compared the Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) system with the BACTEC 460 (B460) and Lowenstein Jensen (LJ) systems for the recovery of mycobacteria (acid-fast bacteria [AFB]) from 1,441 clinical specimens. Excluding 13 isolates of Mycobacterium gordonae, 178 significant AFB isolates were recovered from 113 patients. Isolates (119) of the(More)
A series of 59 patients of all ages with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) treated over an 18-year period is presented. A number of these patients were initially diagnosed in childhood but required treatment throughout adult life. The frequency of laser treatment was not related to either disease duration or age at onset. In 28 patients, the HPV(More)
The clinical data, microbiological results and antibiotic treatment of 65 children who have required incision and drainage of suppurative head and neck abscesses was retrospectively investigated with the aim of developing a more effective clinical protocol of treatment, improving speed of resolution and rationalizing the need for surgical intervention. A(More)
Tuberculosis is characterized by fever, weight loss, a prolonged acute-phase protein response and granuloma formation. These characteristics may partly be due to action of proinflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor (TNF), IL-6 and IL-8. We investigated plasma concentrations of these cytokines before and after ex vivo lipopolysaccharide stimulation of(More)
In order to compare the predictive value of the Apache II, the Glasgow Coma Scale and Revised Trauma Scoring systems in relation to outcome in a neurosurgical department high dependency unit (HDU), all 109 patients entering the unit under the care of one consultant were studied. All patients in the HDU were self-ventilating, so that motor responses were not(More)
A new technique is described for closing the nasal vestibule in cases of secondarily-acquired atrophic rhinitis. This involves occlusion of the nasal vestibule with an obturator made from dimethylpolysiloxane. Being a non-invasive method it is specifically indicated in the management of cases of secondarily-acquired atrophic rhinitis where any surgical(More)
Cryotherapy is an established method of treating hypertrophic obstructive inferior turbinates. The long-term effectiveness of the technique is assessed in this study, using the need for alternative nasal surgery as an objective way of distinguishing success from failure. Over 50 per cent of patients with obstructive symptoms, including those with minor(More)
Neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC) of the larynx are rare. The key to diagnosis is therefore an increased awareness of such lesions amongst otolaryngologists and pathologists. A precise histological diagnosis is crucial, as the management is different for each NEC sub-type. Advances in immunohistochemistry have been a great help in this respect. We report a(More)
Children with subglottic stenosis present a challenging problem to otolaryngologists. In many cases, a tracheostomy is necessary to safeguard the airway, but morbidity and mortality in the tracheostomized child may be significant. Therefore attempts to improve the airway by endoscopic means are often made; unfortunately, these have a variable success rate.(More)