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HYPOTHESIS Sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism (1 HPT) in young persons is thought to be extremely rare. The exact incidence is unknown and little is known of the characteristics of the disease. METHODS From 1976 to 1998, 33 patients aged 19 years or younger underwent operation for sporadic 1 HPT at a single institution. Data were recorded regarding the(More)
Qualitative amniotic fluid volume determination is a routine part of fetal biophysical profile score testing. The relationship between oligohydramnios and poor perinatal outcome has been previously documented. We have undertaken a retrospective chart review relating qualitative amniotic fluid volume as determined at the time of last biophysical profile(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify specific estimates and predictors of neonatal morbidity and mortality in early onset fetal growth restriction due to placental dysfunction. METHODS Prospective multicenter study of prenatally diagnosed growth-restricted liveborn neonates of less than 33 weeks of gestational age. Relationships between perinatal variables (arterial and(More)
BACKGROUND The role of intraoperative frozen section in the management of thyroid nodules is controversial. Its potential benefit is to facilitate one-stage total thyroidectomy. Most literature on this topic originates from overseas tertiary referral centres with a high percentage of cancer cases and a fully resourced frozen section service. The aim of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this investigation was to assess the relationship between abnormal arterial and venous Doppler findings and perinatal outcome in fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS Doppler velocimetry of the umbilical artery (UA), middle cerebral artery (MCA), inferior vena cava (IVC), ductus venosus (DV) and free umbilical(More)
Qualitative amniotic fluid volume determination is a routine part of fetal biophysical profile score testing. The relationship between polyhydramnios and poor perinatal outcome has been previously documented. We have undertaken a retrospective chart review which relates qualitative amniotic fluid volume as determined at the time of last biophysical profile(More)
OBJECTIVE Elevated nucleated red blood cell count in neonatal blood and Doppler-detected circulatory decompensation in fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction are associated with hypoxemia. We sought to determine the relationship between the nucleated red blood cell count at birth and the circulatory status of fetuses with intrauterine growth(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to test whether ultrasound-measured fetal adrenal gland volume (AGV) and fetal zone enlargement (FZE) predicts preterm birth (PTB) better than cervical length (CL). STUDY DESIGN Three-dimensional and 2-dimensional ultrasound were used prospectively to measure fetal AGV, FZE, and CL in women with preterm labor(More)
The views of 487 members of the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) concerning stigma were surveyed in 20 different States. Almost all identified stigma as a problem for their mentally ill relatives and for families in general. The most frequently cited effects of stigma on ill relatives were damage to self-esteem, difficulty making and keeping(More)