Chris H Evans

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces astrocytic and microglial activation and proliferation and augmented production of the cytokine interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and nerve growth factor (NGF). The increase in NGF temporally follows the increase in IL-1 beta, suggesting that the IL-1 beta up-regulation after trauma directly induces the increase in NGF. We(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation and tissue injury are characterized by a massive infiltration of mononuclear cells. These pro-inflammatory cells, which are the precursors of an inflammatory response by the immune system, secrete a variety of cytokines and growth factors that alter the biosynthetic repertoire of the resident connective tissue cells. Specifically,(More)
Cytokines are a group of specialized, hormone-like proteins that can exert profound influences on cellular development and on a variety of cellular functions. Retinoblastoma cells are an important model for exploring human malignancy and differentiation. These multipotent embryonic cells are capable of differentiating into neuronal, glial-like and retinal(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is a potent lymphokine which can modify a variety of cellular processes. One of the mechanisms involved in these processes is the ability of IFN-gamma to alter the regulation and expression of cellular proteins. Using analytical flow cytometry, we show that recombinant human IFN-gamma can enhance the expression of retinal(More)
In the experiments described here, we have sought to determine whether primary cultures of cells derived from articular cartilage will, upon subsequent subculture, undergo in vitro senescence in a manner analogous to that described for several other types of diploid cell. Using cells from the articular cartilage of rabbits, dogs and man, we have established(More)
Fetal guinea pig cells were transformed by treatment with four different chemical carcinogens including nitroso compounds and polycyclic hydrocarbons. As a consequence of this treatment, oncogenes capable of transforming NIH/3T3 cells became activated in each of five independently established clonal guinea pig cell lines. Molecular characterization of(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the ability to repair and regenerate tissue, home to sites of inflammation, and evade the host immune system. As such, they represent an attractive therapy for the treatment of autoimmune inflammatory diseases. However, results from in vivo murine studies in inflammatory arthritis have been conflicting, and this may be due(More)
The effect of leukoregulin, a 50-kD lymphokine with unique antitumor properties, was studied in vitro on several fibroblast functions. Leukoregulin did not inhibit fibroblast proliferation, as measured by cell enumeration and [3H]thymidine incorporation, and had no cytotoxic effect in terms of increased membrane permeability detected by trypan blue(More)
Cytokines of rabbit synovial origin were injected into 6 rats under the epineurium of the sciatic nerve. Five controls were injected with similar preparations lacking cytokines. After injection, rats were examined for a period of 7 days. For neurophysiological evaluation the tibial branch of the sciatic nerve was stimulated with supramaximal voltage(More)