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BACKGROUND The European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer was initiated in the early 1990s to evaluate the effect of screening with prostate-specific-antigen (PSA) testing on death rates from prostate cancer. METHODS We identified 182,000 men between the ages of 50 and 74 years through registries in seven European countries for inclusion(More)
BACKGROUND Given the fact that prostate cancer incidence will increase in the coming years, new prognostic biomarkers are needed with regard to the biological aggressiveness of the prostate cancer diagnosed. Since cytokines have been associated with the biology of cancer and its prognosis, we determined whether transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1),(More)
Current prostate cancer (PCa) biomarkers such as PSA are not optimal in distinguishing cancer from benign prostate diseases and predicting disease outcome. To discover additional biomarkers, we investigated PCa-specific expression of novel unannotated transcripts. Using the unique probe design of Affymetrix Human Exon Arrays, we identified 334 candidates(More)
BACKGROUND The European Randomised study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC) has shown significant reductions in prostate cancer mortality after 9 years and 11 years of follow-up, but screening is controversial because of adverse events such as overdiagnosis. We provide updated results of mortality from prostate cancer with follow-up to 2010, with(More)
The present work focused on the potential involvement of selective adaptations of the androgen receptor pathway in the initiation and progression of prostate cancer. We defined the androgen receptor pathway by selecting 200 genes that were androgen responsive in prostate cancer cell lines and/or xenografts. This androgen receptor pathway gene signature was(More)
Early detection of prostate cancer is associated with the diagnosis of a considerable proportion of cancers that are indolent, and that will hardly ever become symptomatic during lifetime. Such overdiagnosis should be avoided in all forms of screening because of potential adverse psychological and somatic side effects. The main threat of overdiagnosis is(More)
BACKGROUND DNA methylation markers could serve as useful biomarkers, both as markers for progression and for urine-based diagnostic assays. OBJECTIVE Identify bladder cancer (BCa)-specific methylated DNA sequences for predicting pTa-specific progression and detecting BCa in voided urine. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Genome-wide methylation analysis(More)
PURPOSE Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening for prostate cancer (PC) has dramatically increased early diagnosis. Current imaging techniques are not optimal to stage early PC adequately. A promising alternative to PC imaging is peptide-based scintigraphy using radiolabelled bombesin (BN) analogues that bind to gastrin-releasing peptide receptors(More)
BACKGROUND Men with germline breast cancer 1, early onset (BRCA1) or breast cancer 2, early onset (BRCA2) gene mutations have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer (PCa) than noncarriers. IMPACT (Identification of Men with a genetic predisposition to ProstAte Cancer: Targeted screening in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers and controls) is an international(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between free testosterone (FT) level and basic cognitive functions in older men. Three cognitive computer tasks were aimed to measure visual-processing speed, ability to suppress inappropriate responses, and visuospatial cognition, respectively. The tasks employed were a visual backward masking task, the(More)