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California bunyaviruses cause encephalitis in mammalian hosts after peripheral infection. The virulence of these viruses is determined by their ability to replicate sequentially in striated muscle, cause viremia, and invade and replicate in the central nervous system. These viruses are also able to infect vector mosquitoes following ingestion of a blood(More)
The derivation and characterization of a neuroattenuated reassortant clone (RFC 25/B.5) of California serogroup bunyavirus was described previously (M. J. Endres, A. Valsamakis, F. Gonzalez-Scarano, and N. Nathanson, J. Virol. 64:1927-1933, 1990). To map the RNA segment responsible for this attenuation, a panel of reassortants was constructed between the(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of IgM antibodies against canine distemper virus (CDV) in canine and mink serum is described. The diagnostic potential of this technique was evaluated by analyzing sera from natural or experimental infections in dog and mink and negative control sera. These results were compared with results(More)
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) or prion disease of cattle first recognized in 1986 in the United Kingdom, where it produced a common source epidemic that peaked in January 1993 and has subsided markedly since that time. The epidemic began simultaneously at many geographic locations and was traced to(More)
La Crosse virus, a member of the California serogroup of bunyaviruses, is an important cause of pediatric encephalitis in the midwestern United States. Like all bunyaviruses, La Crosse virus contains two glycoproteins, G1 and G2, the larger of which, G1, is the target of neutralizing antibodies. To develop an understanding of the role of each of the(More)
The neuroinvasiveness of California serogroup bunyaviruses is determined by the ability of the virus to replicate in striated muscle after peripheral inoculation of mice. Neuroinvasiveness was mapped to the medium (M) RNA segment of the virus, which encodes the viral glycoproteins, when reassortants were made between La Crosse/original virus, a(More)
The pathogenesis of the California serogroup bunyaviruses includes both extraneural and intraneural replicative phases that can be separated experimentally. The present study dissects the viral genetic determinants of extraneural replication. We have previously described two attenuated reassortant clones of California serogroup bunyaviruses which exhibit(More)
The California serogroup is composed of antigenically and biologically related viruses within the Bunyavirus genus of the Bunyaviridae. We used a large panel of murine cells to study their tissue tropisms and found virtually identical patterns of viral replication among all of the members of this serogroup, in contrast to other members of the family(More)