Chris Gehring

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Multiple ancient genome duplications in Arabidopsis thaliana provide unique opportunities to assess factors that influence the fates of duplicated genes. We have found that genes retained in duplicate following one round of genome duplication are significantly more likely to be retained in duplicate again after a subsequent genome duplication. Genes(More)
Hans Kende*, Kent J. Bradford, David A. Brummell, Hyung-Taeg Cho, Daniel J. Cosgrove, Andrew J. Fleming, Chris Gehring, Yi Lee, Simon McQueen-Mason, Jocelyn K.C. Rose and Laurentius A.C.J. Voesenek MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA (*author for correspondence; e-mail; Seed Biotechnology(More)
Guanylyl cyclases (GCs) catalyze the formation of the second messenger guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) from guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP). While many cGMP-mediated processes in plants have been reported, no plant molecule with GC activity has been identified. When the Arabidopsis thaliana genome is queried with GC sequences from cyanobacteria,(More)
A guanylyl cyclase has been recently identified in Arabidopsis but, despite the use of pharmacological inhibitors to infer roles of the second messenger 3',5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), very few measurements of actual cGMP levels in plants are available. Here, we demonstrate that cGMP levels in Arabidopsis seedlings increase rapidly (< or =5 s)(More)
A family of peptide signaling molecules (AtPeps) and their plasma membrane receptor AtPepR1 are known to act in pathogen-defense signaling cascades in plants. Little is currently known about the molecular mechanisms that link these signaling peptides and their receptor, a leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase, to downstream pathogen-defense responses. We(More)
BACKGROUND Guanylyl cyclases (GCs) catalyze the formation of the second messenger guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) from guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP). Cyclic GMP has been implicated in an increasing number of plant processes, including responses to abiotic stresses such as dehydration and salt, as well as hormones. PRINCIPLE FINDINGS Here we(More)
In plants, the cysteine-rich repeat kinases (CRKs) are a sub-family of receptor-like protein kinases that contain the DUF26 motif in their extracellular domains. It has been shown that in Arabidopsis thaliana, CRK20 is transcriptionally induced by pathogens, salicylic acid and ozone (O(3)). However, its role in responses to biotic and abiotic stress remains(More)
The carotenoids are pure isoprenoids that are essential components of the photosynthetic apparatus and are coordinately synthesized with chlorophylls in chloroplasts. However, little is known about the mechanisms that regulate carotenoid biosynthesis or the mechanisms that coordinate this synthesis with that of chlorophylls and other plastidial synthesized(More)
Artificial nitric oxide (NO) donors are widely used as tools to study the role of NO in plants. However, reliable and reproducible characterisation of metabolic responses induced by different NO donors is complicated by the variability of their NO release characteristics. The latter are affected by different physical and biological factors including(More)
Here, we analyse the temporal signatures of ozone (O3)-induced hydrogen peroxide(H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) and the role of the second messenger guanosine3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) in transcriptional changes of genes diagnostic for biotic and abiotic stress responses. Within 90 min O3 induced H2O2 and NO peaks and we demonstrate that NO donors cause(More)