Chris Garrard

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Interferon-inducible transmembrane proteins 1, 2, and 3 (IFITM 1,2, and 3) are viral restriction factors that mediate cellular resistance to several viruses. We have genotyped a possible splice-site altering single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs12252) in the IFITM3 gene in 34 patients with H1N1 influenza and severe pneumonia, and >5000 individuals comprising(More)
BACKGROUND Despite consensus criteria, diagnosing acute lung injury, or its more severe form acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) remains challenging. Adding objective measures, such as plasma levels of biological markers could facilitate recognition of ALI/ARDS. This study was designed to assess and compare the diagnostic accuracy of biological(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis continues to be a major cause of death, disability, and health-care expenditure worldwide. Despite evidence suggesting that host genetics can influence sepsis outcomes, no specific loci have yet been convincingly replicated. The aim of this study was to identify genetic variants that influence sepsis survival. METHODS We did a(More)
Nitric oxide is too short-lived to measure in vivo, but its production can be estimated by measuring its stable oxidation products, nitrites and nitrates, in serum. Renal elimination of these ions has been demonstrated, but the effect of renal function on their concentrations in serum is currently unknown. We evaluated serum and urine nitrates + nitrites as(More)
The pattern of stimulated breathing during carbon dioxide inhalation was studied in a group of 21 patients with severe irreversible airways obstruction (mean FEV1 = 0.9 litre, mean FEV1/FVC% = 50%). Carbon dioxide rebreathing experiments were performed, the ventilatory response being defined in terms of total ventilation (V) and CO2 sensitivity (S).(More)
  • S J Howell, V Wanigasekera, J D Young, D Gavaghan, J W Sear, C S Garrard
  • 1995
We studied the effects of temazepam premedication and induction of anaesthesia with thiopentone or propofol on the heart rate power spectrum in 47 patients undergoing elective minor surgery. Eighteen patients received temazepam 20 mg orally as premedication. There was a significant reduction in high frequency power and total power, and an increase in the(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is an increasingly common condition, which continues to be associated with unacceptably high mortality. A large number of association studies have investigated susceptibility to, or mortality from, sepsis for variants in the functionally important immune-related gene MBL2. These studies have largely been underpowered and contradictory. (More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: a b s t r a c t Increasingly, geoscientists and biologists are monitoring the natural(More)
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