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BACKGROUND The rate of exclusive breastfeeding remains low in many countries. Furthermore, cesarean delivery (CD) is increasing and may affect breastfeeding success. OBJECTIVE The objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies to determine whether CD (prelabor or in-labor) is associated with a lower rate of(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the underlying structure of psychosis-like experiences in the New Zealand Mental Health Survey. METHOD A nationwide survey of household residents aged 16+ years was undertaken (n = 7435), using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (3.0), including a six question lifetime screener for psychosis. Participants were grouped(More)
AIM There is limited data about aggressive or violent acts that patients or their relatives commit against general practitioners (GPs). We aimed to estimate the one-year period prevalence of violence, harassment, and complaints, and the current level of psychological distress from the event perceived as causing the most distress. METHOD An anonymous,(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that mode of delivery, a potentially powerful influence upon long-term health, may affect later life body mass index (BMI). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of Caesarean section (CS) and vaginal delivery (VD) on offspring BMI, overweight (BMI>25) and obesity (BMI>30) in adulthood. Secondary(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal Body Mass Index (BMI) is positively associated with infant obesity risk. Breast milk contains a number of hormones that may influence infant metabolism during the neonatal period; these may have additional downstream effects on infant appetite regulatory pathways, thereby influencing propensity towards obesity in later life. OBJECTIVE(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence of aggressive behaviours by patients against nurses in the first year of practice, and to determine the psychological impact of this behaviour. An anonymous survey was sent to registered nurses in their first year of practice. From the 1169 survey instruments that were distributed, 551 were(More)
OBJECTIVES We surveyed the prevalence of various types of threats or assaults by patients against psychiatrists and determined the impact of the most distressing event. METHOD An anonymous questionnaire was mailed to all 308 vocationally registered psychiatrists practicing in New Zealand. RESULTS A response rate of 63.9% (n = 197) was obtained. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that healthcare workers experience high levels of aggression from patients. Prevention packages to address this have received little research support. Communication skills have been shown to influence individuals' experience of aggression and are also amenable to training. OBJECTIVES This study aims to deliver a(More)
AIMS Working in a healthcare environment is a known risk factor for violence. Patient aggression towards staff is often present in a hospital setting but the extent, type and variation among various occupations and roles are not known. METHOD This research examines the type and frequency of aggression experienced by healthcare staff, using a previously(More)