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Ten patients with end-stage renal failure and anaemia (mean haemoglobin 6.1 g/dl, range 4.6-8.8 g/dl) on thrice-weekly haemodialysis were treated with human erythropoietin derived from recombinant DNA (rHuEPO). This was given as an intravenous bolus after each dialysis in rising doses within the range 3-192 IU/kg. All patients showed increases in(More)
Jejuno-ileal bypass has until recently been an accepted treatment for refractory morbid obesity. Although hyperoxaluria causing renal tract calculi is a well-recognized complication, we describe eight patients who developed significant renal failure attributable to hyperoxaluria resulting from this procedure, three requiring renal replacement therapy. We(More)
In a retrospective survey, we show that the incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is significantly raised among immigrant Indo-Asians referred to two UK renal units (p < 0.001). In addition to the expected increase in diabetic nephropathy, glomerulonephritis and chronic pyelonephritis are also seen more frequently in Indo-Asians. The most striking(More)
We have described 34 patients with microscopic polyarteritis, all of whom had clinical evidence of a systemic small vessel vasculitis predominantly affecting the skin and musculoskeletal systems accompanied by a focal necrotising glomerulonephritis with renal impairment. Thirty three patients received immunosuppressive treatment, comprising prednisolone,(More)
The diagnosis and management of Wegener's granulomatosis and microscopic polyarteritis are complicated by the lack of specific diagnostic tests. The diagnostic performance of a solid-phase radioimmunoassay, which detects the autoantibodies against neutrophil cytoplasm present in these disorders, was assessed in a prospective study of patients with suspected(More)
Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) of Staphylococcus aureus is well suited to the study of global or long-term epidemiology, but its role in local epidemiology has not been defined. The present study has compared MLST with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) by using S. aureus isolates associated with carriage and disease in a busy regional renal unit.(More)
Mutation screening of the major autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) locus, PKD1, has proved difficult because of the large transcript and complex reiterated gene region. We have developed methods, employing long polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and specific reverse transcription-PCR, to amplify all of the PKD1 coding area. The gene was(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent cause of haemodialysis access-related bacteraemia. The propensity for this organism to seed from the bloodstream to distant sites is well recognized, but the rate at which this occurs is poorly defined in patients with removable haemodialysis catheters. This retrospective study identified 47 patients with 50 episodes of(More)