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BACKGROUND Enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) have been shown to reduce length of hospital stay (LOS) and complications in colorectal surgery. Whether ERPs have the same benefits in open liver resection surgery is unclear, and randomized clinical trials are lacking. METHODS Consecutive patients scheduled for open liver resection were randomized to an ERP(More)
BACKGROUND Epidural analgesia is considered fundamental in enhanced recovery protocols (ERPs). However, its value in laparoscopic colorectal surgery is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of different analgesic regimens on outcomes following laparoscopic colorectal surgery in fluid-optimized patients treated within an ERP. METHODS(More)
Increased gap junction expression in lamina propria myofibroblasts and urothelial cells may be involved in detrusor overactivity, leading to incontinence. Immunohistochemistry was used to compare connexin (Cx) 26, 43, and 45 expression in the bladders of neonatal, adult, and spinal cord-transected rats, while optical imaging was used to map the spread of(More)
The urothelium is a multifunctional tissue that not only acts as a barrier between the vesical contents of the lower urinary tract and the underlying tissues but also acts as a sensory organ by transducing physical and chemical stresses to the attendant afferent nervous system and underlying smooth muscle. This review will consider the nature of the(More)
This study examined the origin of spontaneous activity in neonatal and adult rat bladders and the effect of stretch and muscarinic agonists and antagonists on spontaneous activity. Rats were anesthetized and their bladders were excised, cannulated, and loaded with voltage- and Ca(2+)-sensitive dyes. Intracellular Ca(2+) and membrane potential transients(More)
The urothelium separates the urinary tract lumen from underlying tissues of the tract wall. Previously considered as merely an effective barrier between these two compartments it is now recognized as a more active tissue that senses and transduces information about physical and chemical conditions within the urinary tract, such as luminal pressure, urine(More)
There is abundant evidence that the lower urinary tract (LUT) mucosal layer is involved both in mechanosensory functions that regulate bladder contractile activity and in urethral sensation. Changes to the mucosa can be associated with a number of bladder pathologies. For example, alterations of the urothelium and underlying lamina propria at both the(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the role of the inward rectifier potassium (KIR) channel and the cyclic AMP-dependent pathway in mediating vasorelaxation induced by the prostacyclin analogue cicaprost. METHODS Small vessel myography was used to assess responses to cicaprost in segments of rat tail artery contracted with phenylephrine. Microelectrode recordings(More)
The urothelium is a newly recognized sensory structure that detects bladder fullness. Pivotal to this sensory role is the release of ATP from the urothelium. However, the routes for urothelial ATP release, its modulation by receptor-mediated pathways, and the autocrine/paracrine role of ATP are poorly understood, especially in native tissue. We examined the(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure the concentration of ionised magnesium, [Mg2+], and ionised calcium [Ca2+], in plasma from healthy volunteers and patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). These measurements were carried out because there have been few reliable measurements of these values in healthy volunteers and no direct measurements in this patient group.(More)