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OBJECTIVES To determine whether the use of medications with possible and definite anticholinergic activity increases the risk of cognitive impairment and mortality in older people and whether risk is cumulative. DESIGN A 2-year longitudinal study of participants enrolled in the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study between 1991 and(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of the mature mouse egg consists of a fine tubular network and pronounced accumulations in the cortex. The ER was visualized both in intact eggs and with in vitro preparations of the cortex using the fluorescent lipophilic dye, DiI. Immunofluorescent labeling of the ER in isolated cortical preparations demonstrated that the ER(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is common in dementia but the evidence base for appropriate drug treatment is sparse and equivocal. We aimed to assess efficacy and safety of two of the most commonly prescribed drugs, sertraline and mirtazapine, compared with placebo. METHODS We undertook the parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Health Technology(More)
BACKGROUND Previous Cochrane reviews have considered the use of cholinesterase inhibitors in both Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). The clinical features of DLB and PDD have much in common and are distinguished primarily on the basis of whether or not parkinsonism precedes dementia by more than a year. Patients(More)
Chronic inflammation is associated with normal and pathological ageing. Here we show that chronic, progressive low-grade inflammation induced by knockout of the nfkb1 subunit of the transcription factor NF-κB induces premature ageing in mice. We also show that these mice have reduced regeneration in liver and gut. nfkb1(-/-) fibroblasts exhibit aggravated(More)
Conditioned slicing is a powerful generalisation of static and dynamic slicing which has applications to many problems in software maintenance and evolution, including re-use, reengineering and program comprehension. However, there has been relatively little work on the implementation of conditioned slicing. Algorithms for implementing conditioned slicing(More)