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OBJECTIVES To determine whether the use of medications with possible and definite anticholinergic activity increases the risk of cognitive impairment and mortality in older people and whether risk is cumulative. DESIGN A 2-year longitudinal study of participants enrolled in the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study between 1991 and(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of the mature mouse egg consists of a fine tubular network and pronounced accumulations in the cortex. The ER was visualized both in intact eggs and with in vitro preparations of the cortex using the fluorescent lipophilic dye, DiI. Immunofluorescent labeling of the ER in isolated cortical preparations demonstrated that the ER(More)
BACKGROUND Agitation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is common and associated with poor patient life-quality and carer distress. The best evidence-based pharmacological treatments are antipsychotics which have limited benefits with increased morbidity and mortality. There are no memantine trials in clinically significant agitation but post-hoc analyses in other(More)
V Preface CICLing 2006 (www.CICLing.org) was the 7th Annual Conference on Intelligent Text Processing and Computational Linguistics. The CICLing conferences are intended to provide a wide-scope forum for discussion of the internal art and craft of natural language processing research and the best practices in its applications. This volume contains the(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is common in dementia but the evidence base for appropriate drug treatment is sparse and equivocal. We aimed to assess efficacy and safety of two of the most commonly prescribed drugs, sertraline and mirtazapine, compared with placebo. METHODS We undertook the parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Health Technology(More)
BACKGROUND Previous Cochrane reviews have considered the use of cholinesterase inhibitors in both Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). The clinical features of DLB and PDD have much in common and are distinguished primarily on the basis of whether or not parkinsonism precedes dementia by more than a year. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have raised concerns that medications with anticholinergic property have potential adverse effects on health outcomes. OBJECTIVES The objective of this study is to examine the prospective relationships between total anticholinergic burden (ACB) from medications and mortality, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a general population. (More)
The use of prescription drugs in older people is high and many commonly prescribed drugs have anticholinergic effects. We examined the relationship between ACB on mortality and in-patient length of stay in the oldest old hospitalised population. This was a retrospective analysis of prospective audit using hospital audit data from acute medical admissions in(More)
This paper shows how analysis of programs in terms of pre-and post-conditions can be improved using a gen-eralisation of conditioned program slicing called pre/post conditioned slicing. Such conditions play an important role in program comprehension, reuse, verification and re-engineering. Fully automated analysis is impossible because of the inherent(More)