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Carbon and Other Biogeochemical Cycles
For base year 2010, anthropogenic activities created ~210 (190 to 230) TgN of reactive nitrogen Nr from N2. This human-caused creation of reactive nitrogen in 2010 is at least 2 times larger than the…
Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model
- P. Cox, R. Betts, Chris D. Jones, S. Spall, I. Totterdell
- Environmental Science, MedicineNature
- 9 November 2000
Results from a fully coupled, three-dimensional carbon–climate model are presented, indicating that carbon-cycle feedbacks could significantly accelerate climate change over the twenty-first century.
Climate-carbon cycle feedback analysis: Results from the C
Eleven coupled climate–carbon cycle models used a common protocol to study the coupling between climate change and the carbon cycle. The models were forced by historical emissions and the…
Development and evaluation of an Earth-System model - HadGEM2
Abstract. We describe here the development and evaluation of an Earth system model suitable for centennial-scale climate prediction. The principal new components added to the physical climate model…
Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards the trillionth tonne
It is found that the peak warming caused by a given cumulative carbon dioxide emission is better constrained than the warming response to a stabilization scenario, and policy targets based on limiting cumulative emissions of carbon dioxide are likely to be more robust to scientific uncertainty than emission-rate or concentration targets.
The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description – Part 2: Carbon fluxes and vegetation dynamics
Abstract. The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) is a process-based model that simulates the fluxes of carbon, water, energy and momentum between the land surface and the atmosphere. Many…
Global Carbon Budget 2018
- C. Quéré, R. Andrew, +81 authors B. Zheng
- Environmental ScienceEarth System Science Data
- 5 December 2018
Abstract. Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is…
The HadGEM2-ES implementation of CMIP5 centennial simulations
Abstract. The scientific understanding of the Earth's climate system, including the central question of how the climate system is likely to respond to human-induced perturbations, is comprehensively…
A Summary of the CMIP5 Experiment Design
The purpose of these experiments is to address outstanding scientific questions that arose as part of the IPCC AR4 assessment process, improve understanding of climate, and to provide estimates of future climate change that will be useful to those considering its possible consequences.
Evaluation of the terrestrial carbon cycle, future plant geography and climate‐carbon cycle feedbacks using five Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs)
This study tests the ability of five Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs), forced with observed climatology and atmospheric CO2, to model the contemporary global carbon cycle. The DGVMs are also…