Chris D St Laurent

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The production of nitric oxide in mast cells has been difficult to measure due to the low amounts made by mast cells, as well as limitations in the specificity and sensitivity of the assays available. We present here a sensitive and specific 96-well plate-based method to directly measure NO using the cell-permeable fluorescent compound DAF-FM diacetate.
Acute lung injury (ALI) is an inflammatory disorder associated with recruitment and activation of neutrophils in lungs. Rac2, a member of the Rho GTPase subfamily, is an essential regulator of neutrophil degranulation, superoxide release, and chemotaxis. Here, we hypothesized that Rac2 is important in mediating lung injury. Using a model of IgG immune(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Although much has been written to define the phenotype and genotype of choroideremia (CHM), research continues to provide new insights that serve to better understand its pathogenesis and the directions for potential experimental therapies. RECENT FINDINGS We would like to highlight new findings, expanding the type of disease-causing(More)
Methods NP were obtained after endoscopic surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis, and separated into two categories based on eosinophil density. Nasal middle turbinates (MT) were also collected as normal controls from patients who had undergone surgery for pituitary adenomas. To identify cell types expressing isoforms of NOS, double immunostaining was performed(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In patients with decompensated cirrhosis, bacterial translocation can contribute to splanchnic vasodilatation, decreased effective circulating volume, and portal hypertension. The primary objective of this randomized, double blind placebo controlled trial was to evaluate the effect of the probiotic VSL#3(®) on the hepatic venous pressure(More)
Calcium-binding protein spermatid-specific 1 (CABS1) is expressed in the human submandibular gland and has an anti-inflammatory motif similar to that in submandibular rat 1 in rats. Here, we investigate CABS1 in human saliva and its association with psychological and physiological distress and inflammation in humans. Volunteers participated across three(More)
The autonomic nervous system regulates the secretion of bioactive proteins and peptides from salivary glands that can be important in systemic physiological responses. The prohormone submandibular rat-1, which is highly expressed in rat submandibular glands, can be cleaved to produce polypeptides with analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. Human genes(More)
The cervical sympathetic nerves which innervate the medial basal hypothalamus-hypophyseal complex, primary and secondary lymph organs, and numerous glands, such as the pineal, thyroid, parathyroid and salivary glands form a relevant neuroimmunoendocrine structure that is involved in the regulation of systemic homeostasis. The superior cervical ganglia and(More)
Mast cells are important in innate immunity and protective against certain bacterial infections. However, there is limited evidence that mast cells respond to viruses. As mast cells are abundant in mucosal tissues of the lung, they are in a prime location to detect and respond to influenza virus. In this study, we characterized for the first time the(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) has various roles in airway physiology and pathophysiology. Monitoring exhaled NO levels is increasingly common to measure airways inflammation and inhaled NO studied for its therapeutic value in premature infants and adult respiratory distress syndrome. NO is produced by 3 isoforms of NO synthase (NOS1, 2, 3), and each can play(More)