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This article reports the development and psychometric properties of the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study-Clinical Global Impression of Change (ADCS-CGIC). At present, a number of unvalidated CGIC scales are used in clinical trials, with various methods for making ratings. The ADCS-CGIC was designed on the basis of a survey of ADCS clinicians and by(More)
In a 10-year (1996-2005) biodiversity experiment, the mechanisms underlying the increasingly positive effect of biodiversity on plant biomass production shifted from sampling to complementarity over time. The effect of diversity on plant biomass was associated primarily with the accumulation of higher total plant nitrogen pools (N g m-2) and secondarily(More)
Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is an adult-onset progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by L-dopa-resistant rigidity, focal cortical deficits, and variable dementia. The neuropathological hallmark of CBD is the deposition of filamentous inclusions in neurons and glia composed of hyperphosphorylated tau with only four microtubule-binding(More)
Global energy use and food production have increased nitrogen inputs to ecosystems worldwide, impacting plant community diversity, composition, and function. Previous studies show considerable variation across terrestrial herbaceous ecosystems in the magnitude of species loss following nitrogen (N) enrichment. What controls this variation remains unknown.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the extent of transactivation response DNA-binding protein with a molecular weight of 43 kDa (TDP-43) pathology in the central nervous system of patients with clinically and autopsy-confirmed diagnoses of frontotemporal lobar degeneration with and without motor neuron disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with and without(More)
The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is limited because it is based on non-specific behavioral and neuroimaging findings. The lesions of Alzheimer's disease: amyloid beta (Abeta) deposits, tau pathology and cellular oxidative damage, affect the hippocampus in the earlier stages causing memory impairment.(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that results in progressive decline in behavior, executive function and sometimes language. Disease mechanisms remain poorly understood. Recently, however, the DNA- and RNA-binding protein TDP-43 has been identified as the major protein present in the hallmark inclusion bodies of(More)
It is important that clinicians who rate global change as part of Alzheimer's disease (AD) clinical drug trials agree on a relevant set of behaviors and information to be considered in formulating their rating. Yet, consensus among raters has been difficult to establish, and inter-rater reliability of clinical global impression of change (CGIC) ratings has(More)
Along the coast of Peninsular India, the Eastern Ghats expose a deep crustal section through a composite Proterozoic orogenic belt. To quantify the late Mesoproterozoic–early Neoproterozoic pressure (P)–temperature (T)–time (t) evolution of the Eastern Ghats Province, new SHRIMP U–Pb zircon and monazite age data from multiple localities are reported and(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Keywords: Al-in-orthpyroxene thermometry P –T pseudosections sapphirine–quartz Ti-in-zircon thermometry UHT metamorphism Zr-in-rutile thermometry The limitations of conventional thermobarometry and petrogenetic grids for determining the peak P –T conditions of granulites are well known. These limitations have been(More)