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BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have a high prevalence of sleep disorders, which are not improved by conventional hemodialysis (CHD). Although sleep disorders are commonly associated with complaints of excessive daytime sleepiness, the severity and pathogenesis of daytime sleepiness has not been evaluated objectively in patients with(More)
Staff Working Papers are not for quotation without the permission of the authors. The views expressed in this paper are those of the staff involved and do not necessarily reflect those of the Productivity Commission. Information on the Productivity Commission, its publications and its current work program can be found on the World Wide Web at(More)
This article describes research related to the design of a payment model for specialty oncology services for possible testing by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation at the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). Cancer is a common and costly condition. Episode-based payment, which aims to create incentives for high-quality, low-cost(More)
Faecal urgency and incontinence with rectal hypersensitivity is a chronic, unexplained condition that is difficult to treat. The aim of this study was to determine if there was an altered level of the voltage gated tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-s) sodium channel Na(v)1.7 in rectal sensory fibres, since this channel has been implicated in clinical nociceptive(More)
The blue copper protein azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been covalently labelled with the fluorescing dye Cy5. The optical spectrum of the azurin changes markedly with its redox state. These changes are reflected in the fluorescence intensity of the dye through fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). This provides a sensitive way to monitor(More)
The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore service quality from the perspectives of the Muslim customers in Indonesia. There is growing evidence that culture influences buying-habits and behavior of customers in a service context. The fact that most cross-cultural consumer research in Asia has focused on the dimension of Chinese-Confucian beliefs(More)