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OBJECTIVE The description and evaluation of the performance of a new real-time seizure detection algorithm in the newborn infant. METHODS The algorithm includes parallel fragmentation of EEG signal into waves; wave-feature extraction and averaging; elementary, preliminary and final detection. The algorithm detects EEG waves with heightened regularity,(More)
This paper presents preliminary findings and is being distributed to economists and other interested readers solely to stimulate discussion and elicit comments. The views expressed in the paper are those of the authors and are not necessarily reflective of views at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York or the Federal Reserve System. Any errors or omissions(More)
Mutations in the RNA-binding protein FUS (fused in sarcoma) are linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but the mechanism by which these mutants cause motor neuron degeneration is not known. We report a novel ALS truncation mutant (R495X) that leads to a relatively severe ALS clinical phenotype compared with FUS missense mutations. Expression of(More)
We present the detection of five planets--Kepler-62b, c, d, e, and f--of size 1.31, 0.54, 1.95, 1.61 and 1.41 Earth radii (R⊕), orbiting a K2V star at periods of 5.7, 12.4, 18.2, 122.4, and 267.3 days, respectively. The outermost planets, Kepler-62e and -62f, are super-Earth-size (1.25 R⊕ < planet radius ≤ 2.0 R⊕) planets in the habitable zone of their host(More)
Hypoxia-ischemia is a significant cause of brain damage in the human newborn and can result in long-term neurodevelopmental disability. The loss of oxygen and glucose supply to the developing brain leads to excitotoxic neuronal cell damage and death; such over-excitation of nerve cells can also manifest as seizures. The newborn brain is highly susceptible(More)
The clinical and EEG findings in patients in the literature with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) were reviewed and compared with findings in 36 patients with CJD at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Twenty-one of the 36 MGH cases had histopathology, all with findings consistent with CJD. EEGs in 18 patients studied pathologically and in 10 without(More)
The placentas of 68 infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) were examined for evidence of impaired uteroplacental circulation and compared with those of 65 appropriately grown infants. Infarcts and/or accelerated villous maturation were present in the placentas in 27 (40%) of the infants with IUGR compared with seven (11%) of the infants without(More)
A comparison of a constant (continuous delivery of 4% FiO2) and a variable (initial 5% FiO2 with adjustments to induce low amplitude EEG (LAEEG) and hypotension) hypoxic/ischemic insult was performed to determine which insult was more effective in producing a consistent degree of survivable neuropathological damage in a newborn piglet model of perinatal(More)
This paper presents preliminary findings and is being distributed to economists and other interested readers solely to stimulate discussion and elicit comments. The views expressed in the paper are those of the authors and are not necessarily reflective of views at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York or the Federal Reserve System. Any errors or omissions(More)
Libor is a survey-based measure of bank borrowing costs that plays a central role in fixed-income markets. There is an active discussion about how well Libor summarized funding conditions during the recent financial crisis. In this paper we match and compare bank Libor survey responses to two novel measures of borrowing rates: 1) bank bids at the Federal(More)