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OBJECTIVE Hyperuricemia is strongly associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome and can predict visceral obesity and insulin resistance. Previously, we showed that soluble uric acid directly stimulated the redox-dependent proinflammatory signaling in adipocytes. In this study we demonstrate the role of hyperuricemia in the production of key adipokines.(More)
It has been suggested that L-arginine availability declines with advanced age, which could contribute to the endothelial dysfunction and decreased nitric oxide (NO) production that are features of aging. L-Arginine is made in the kidney and since the aging kidney develops progressive injury there may be decreased synthesis limiting availability. In this(More)
With advancing age the kidney shows both functional declines (falls in GFR) and development of structural damage. In most individuals this occurs slowly and does not lead to severe renal impairment unless additional insults are superimposed. There is a pronounced sexual dimorphism with females protected, due both to beneficial effects of the estrogens and(More)
Wistar Furth (WF) rats do not develop renal injury after severe reduction of renal mass. Because clinical and animal studies suggested that nitric oxide (NO) deficiency occurs and may contribute to chronic renal disease (CRD), the status of the NO system in WF versus Sprague Dawley (SD) rats was examined with the 5/6 renal ablation/infarction (A/I) model of(More)
We conducted studies in conscious chronically catheterized, trained young (3-5 months) and old (18-20 months) rats to assess the impact of aging on baseline renin activity (PRA) and metabolic clearance rate (MCR) of angiotensin II (ANG II). We observed that under unstressed conditions the baseline values of PRA and plasma ANG II were no different in young(More)
Aging is associated with the appearance of a selective proteinuria which cannot be attributed to any specific underlying renal disease. The present studies were conducted in conscious, chronically catheterized young (3-4 months), non-proteinuric male rats and old (22-25 months), proteinuric males to determine the mechanism(s) of the proteinuria. Compared(More)
With advancing age the old rat kidney becomes tonically vasoconstricted by endogenous angiotensin II (ANGII) (C. Baylis. Am. J. Kid. Dis., (1993) 842). The present study was designed to investigate the sensitivity of the cortical glomerular microvasculature of the old rat kidney (19-22 months of age) to exogenous ANGII, using the in vivo micropuncture(More)
Estradiol increases mRNA and/or protein expression of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms in a variety of tissues including kidney. In this study we determined the relationship between cyclical variations in estradiol levels and renal function and total NO production in the virgin female rat. In addition, we used an aromatase inhibitor (Anastrozole),(More)
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) are the standard clinical therapy of diabetic nephropathy (DN), while aldosterone antagonists are only used as adjuncts. Previously in experimental DN we showed that Na/K ATPase (NKA) is mislocated and angiotensin II leads to superimposed renal progression. Here we(More)