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Tonic basal release of nitric oxide (NO) by vascular endothelial cells controls blood pressure (BP) in the basal state. In these studies we investigated the effects of chronic inhibition of basal NO synthesis in the rat for a 2-mo period. Significant systemic hypertension developed in chronically NO-blocked rats compared to controls. Marked renal(More)
To examine the electrostatic effects of fixed negative charges on the glomerular capillary wall, polydisperse [(3)H]DEAE dextran, a polycationic form of dextran, was infused into 10 Munich-Wistar rats. Fractional clearances of DEAE ranging in radius from 18 to 44A were determined in these rats, together with direct measurements of the forces and flows(More)
Normal pregnancy involves marked maternal hemodynamic adaptations; these are suppressed in preeclampsia, leading to serious complications for mother and baby. The cause of preeclampsia is unknown, but may involve primary pathology at the maternal/fetal interface. However, the systemic manifestations of the disease are associated with widespread maternal(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important molecular mediator of numerous physiological processes in virtually every organ. In the kidney, NO plays prominent roles in the homeostatic regulation of glomerular, vascular, and tubular function. Differential expression and regulation of the NO synthase (NOS) gene family contribute to this diversity of action. This review(More)
Arginine deficiency and/or increased levels of circulating nitric oxide (NO) synthesis (NOS) inhibitors can cause reduced NOS, which may contribute to hypertension in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). To test these hypotheses, NO oxidation products (NO(2) + NO(3) = NO(x)) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), the vasodilatory second(More)
These studies were designed to investigate sex differences in renal hemodynamics under control conditions and in response to two different cyclooxygenase inhibitors. Studies were performed under anesthesia in males, females, and ovariectomized (OVX) rats and in separate groups of conscious, chronically catheterized male and female rats of a different(More)
The rat provides a useful experimental model to study of the mechanisms of kidney aging. As in man, a wide diversity in the renal response to aging occurs in the rat, and because of this variability it is important to always specify experimental conditions, i.e., strain, gender, diet, and environment. Most aging rats display chronic progressive nephrosis,(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperuricemia is strongly associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome and can predict visceral obesity and insulin resistance. Previously, we showed that soluble uric acid directly stimulated the redox-dependent proinflammatory signaling in adipocytes. In this study we demonstrate the role of hyperuricemia in the production of key adipokines.(More)
BACKGROUND A deficiency of the endogenous vasodilator nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated as a potential cause of hypertension in chronic renal disease (CRD) patients. This study was conducted to determine whether 24-hour NOX (NO2 and NO3) excretion (a qualitative index of total NO production) is reduced in patients with CRD. METHODS Measurements were(More)
  • Chris Baylis
  • 2008
The overall production of nitric oxide (NO) is decreased in chronic kidney disease (CKD) which contributes to cardiovascular events and further progression of kidney damage. There are many likely causes of NO deficiency in CKD and the areas surveyed in this review are: 1. Limitations on substrate (l-Arginine) availability, probably due to impaired renal(More)