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The membrane-bound endogenous fatty acid arachidonic acid can be released from membranes by phospholipases and then metabolized to biologically active compounds by cyclooxygenases, lipoxygenases, and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. In the liver the CYP pathway is the most significant. Liver CYP arachidonate products include epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs)(More)
Arachidonic acid is biotransformed to metabolites active in signal transduction by cytochrome P450 (CYP) as well as by cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase enzymes. Inducers of CYP1 enzymes, including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and other Ah receptor ligands, markedly increase liver microsomal CYP-dependent arachidonic acid epoxygenation in chicks but(More)
Two cytochrome P-450 isoforms induced by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in chick embryo liver microsomes were purified. The P-450s exhibit catalytic selectivity either for arachidonic acid metabolism, particularly epoxygenation (P-450 TCDDAA, 55 kDa), or for aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) and 7-ethoxyresorufin deethylase (7-EROD) (P-450(More)
CD4(+) (Th) and CD8(+) (Tc) T and NK lymphocytes can be divided into type 1 and 2 subsets according to their cytokine secretion profile. Studies on the role of lymphocyte subsets in human diseases have been hampered by the lack of stable surface markers to define them. Recently, we reported that ST2L and IL-18R are stably expressed on murine Th2 and Th1(More)
Previously we demonstrated that genetic deficiency of the cyclooxygenases (COX-1 or COX-2) altered keratinocyte differentiation in mouse skin [Tiano et. al. (2002) Cancer Res. 62, 3395-3401]. In this study, we show that topical application of SC-560 (a COX-1 selective inhibitor) or celecoxib (COX-2 selective) to TPA-treated wild-type skin caused fivefold(More)
It was recently shown that the pleiotropic response to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in chick embryo liver includes the induction of cytochrome P450-mediated arachidonic acid epoxygenation, as well as 7-ethoxyresorufin deethylation (EROD) and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylation (AHH). The TCDD-induced arachidonic acid metabolism in avian liver(More)
Tamoxifen has been found to be metabolized by liver primarily into three metabolites, tamoxifen-N-oxide, formed by the flavin-containing monooxygenase, and N-desmethyl- and 4-hydroxytamoxifen, formed by cytochrome P450. The N-demethylation was demonstrated to be catalyzed by P4503A in rat and human liver; however, the P450s catalyzing the 4-hydroxylation(More)
Uroporphyrinogen is an intermediate of the heme biosynthetic pathway. The oxidation of uroporphyrinogen to uroporphyrin (UROX) has been demonstrated to be catalyzed by mammalian CYP1A2. This reaction has an important role in uroporphyria caused by halogenated aromatic compounds. Two CYP enzymes induced by Ah receptor ligands were purified recently from(More)
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