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The CA1 region of the rat hippocampus exhibits both alpha and beta adrenergic receptor (AR) responses, however, the specific AR subtypes involved and the neuronal expression patterns for these receptors are not well understood. We have employed single cell real time RT-PCR in conjunction with cell-specific immunohistochemical markers to determine the AR(More)
Norepinephrine is an endogenous neurotransmitter distributed throughout the mammalian brain. In higher cortical structures such as the hippocampus, norepinephrine, via beta adrenergic receptor (AR) activation, has been shown to reinforce the cognitive processes of attention and memory. In this study, we investigated the effect of beta1AR activation on(More)
Changes in land use, land cover, and land management present some of the greatest potential global environmental challenges of the 21st century. Urbanization, one of the principal drivers of these transformations, is commonly thought to be generating land changes that are increasingly similar. An implication of this multiscale homogenization hypothesis is(More)
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