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When mammals fast, glucose homeostasis is achieved by triggering expression of gluconeogenic genes in response to glucagon and glucocorticoids. The pathways act synergistically to induce gluconeogenesis (glucose synthesis), although the underlying mechanism has not been determined. Here we show that mice carrying a targeted disruption of the cyclic AMP(More)
While the majority of DNA in eukaryotes is in the nucleus, a small but functionally significant amount is found in organelles such as chloroplasts and mitochondria. A recent, rather remarkable, finding has been that in vertebrates the DNA in the mitochondria (mtDNA) is evolving 5-10 times faster than the DNA in the nucleus. No similar studies have been done(More)
Axon-Schwann cell interactions are critical for myelin formation during peripheral nerve development and regeneration. Axonal contact promotes Schwann cell precursors to differentiate into a myelinating phenotype, and cAMP-elevating agents can mimic this; however, the mechanisms underlying this differentiation are poorly understood. We demonstrated(More)
Neurons undergoing targeted photolytic cell death degenerate by apoptosis. Clonal, multipotent neural precursor cells were transplanted into regions of adult mouse neocortex undergoing selective degeneration of layer II/III pyramidal neurons via targeted photolysis. These precursors integrated into the regions of selective neuronal death; 15 +/- 7%(More)
A broadly known method to stimulate the growth potential of axons is to elevate intracellular levels of cAMP, however the cellular pathway(s) that mediate this are not known. Here we identify the Dual Leucine-zipper Kinase (DLK, Wnd in Drosophila) as a critical target and effector of cAMP in injured axons. DLK/Wnd is thought to function as an injury(More)
In this issue, Chandran et al. (2016) pursue a multi-level bioinformatics approach combined with wet bench validation to identify gene networks associated with the regenerative state of injured adult sensory neurons. A small molecular compound, ambroxol, mimics aspects of the identified gene expression patterns and promotes axon regeneration in the injured(More)
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