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Bisphenol-A is an important environmental contaminant due to the increased early-life exposure that may pose significant health-risks to various organisms including humans. This study aimed to use zebrafish as a toxicogenomic model to capture transcriptomic and phenotypic changes for inference of signaling pathways, biological processes, physiological(More)
The ability or inability of a drug to penetrate into the brain is a key consideration in drug design. Drugs for treating central nervous system (CNS) disorders need to be able to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB). BBB nonpenetration is desirable for non-CNS-targeting drugs to minimize potential CNS-related side effects. Computational methods have been(More)
Various toxicological profiles, such as genotoxic potential, need to be studied in drug discovery processes and submitted to the drug regulatory authorities for drug safety evaluation. As part of the effort for developing low cost and efficient adverse drug reaction testing tools, several statistical learning methods have been used for developing(More)
BACKGROUND Mercury is a prominent environmental contaminant that causes detrimental effects to human health. Although the liver has been known to be a main target organ, there is limited information on in vivo molecular mechanism of mercury-induced toxicity in the liver. By using transcriptome analysis, phenotypic anchoring and validation of targeted gene(More)
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) regulates drug metabolism and is involved in drug-drug interactions. Prediction of PXR activators is important for evaluating drug metabolism and toxicity. Computational pharmacophore and quantitative structure-activity relationship models have been developed for predicting PXR activators. Because of the structural diversity of PXR(More)
MOTIVATION Small GTPase RhoA regulates cell-cycle progression via several mechanisms. Apart from its actions via ROCK, RhoA has recently been found to activate a scaffold protein MEKK1 known to promote ERK activation. We examined whether RhoA can substantially affect ERK activity via this MEKK1-mediated crosstalk between RhoA and EGFR-ERK pathway. By(More)
Paenibacillus spp. are Gram-positive, facultatively aerobic, bacilli-shaped endospore-forming bacteria. They have been detected in a variety of environments, such as soil, water, forage, insect larvae, and even clinical samples. The strain 139SI (GenBank accession No.: JF825470.1) from three strains of Paenibacillus isolates investigated here was chosen as(More)
How a living organism maintains its healthy equilibrium in response to endless exposure of potentially harmful chemicals is an important question in current biology. By transcriptomic analysis of zebrafish livers treated by various chemicals, we defined hubs as molecular pathways that are frequently perturbed by chemicals and have high degree of functional(More)
Small molecule aggregators non-specifically inhibit multiple unrelated proteins, rendering them therapeutically useless. They frequently appear as false hits and thus need to be eliminated in high-throughput screening campaigns. Computational methods have been explored for identifying aggregators, which have not been tested in screening large compound(More)
Differential gene expression in two sexes is widespread throughout the animal kingdom, giving rise to sex-dimorphic gene activities and sex-dependent adaptability to environmental cues, diets, growth and development as well as susceptibility to diseases. Here, we present a study using a toxicogenomic approach to investigate metabolic genes that show(More)