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Clinical symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) do not manifest until dopamine (DA) neuronal loss reaches a symptomatic threshold. To explore the mechanisms of functional compensation that occur in presynaptic DA nerve terminals in PD, we compared striatal positron emission tomographic (PET) measurements by using [11C]dihydrotetrabenazine ([11C]DTBZ; labeling(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is caused by mutations in the mismatch-repair genes. We report here the identification and characterization of a founder mutation in MSH2 in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. We identified a nucleotide substitution, MSH2*1906G-->C, which results in a substitution of proline for alanine at codon 636 in the(More)
BACKGROUND The bacterial heat shock locus HslU ATPase and HslV peptidase together form an ATP-dependent HslVU protease. Bacterial HslVU is a homolog of the eukaryotic 26S proteasome. Crystallographic studies of HslVU should provide an understanding of ATP-dependent protein unfolding, translocation, and proteolysis by this and other ATP-dependent proteases.(More)
Previous estimates of the rate of progression of the nigral pathology underlying idiopathic parkinsonism (IP) have been derived mainly from pathological studies that have an inherent selection bias. Fluorodopa positron emission tomography (PET) is a reliable tool for assessing nigrostriatal dopaminergic function in vivo. We performed fluorodopa PET on two(More)
Resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to antifolate chemotherapy is a significant problem where combinations such as Fansidar (pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine; PYR-SDX) are used in the treatment of chloroquine-resistant malaria. Antifolate resistance has been associated with variant sequences of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and dihydropteroate synthetase (DHPS),(More)
Motor fluctuations are a major disabling complication in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. To investigate whether such oscillations in mobility can be attributed to changes in the synaptic levels of dopamine, we studied prospectively patients in the early stages of Parkinson's disease with a follow-up after at least 3 years of levodopa treatment. At(More)
Small-diameter (1 to 7 nanometers) silicon nanowires (SiNWs) were prepared, and their surfaces were removed of oxide and terminated with hydrogen by a hydrofluoric acid dip. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) of these SiNWs, performed both in air and in ultrahigh vacuum, revealed atomically resolved images that can be interpreted as hydrogen-terminated Si(More)
U-73,975 (U-73) and U-77,779 (U-77), two analogues of the cyclopropylpyrroloindole antitumor antibiotic CC-1065, are promising novel chemotherapeutic agents which are known to alkylate the N3 position of adenine in a sequence-selective manner. The concentration of U-73 required to produce a 1 log cell kill in 6 human tumor cell lines varied from 20-60 pM.(More)
DT-diaphorase (DTD) mediated reduction of a series of 2,5-bis-substituted-3,6-diaziridinyl-1,4-benzoquinones was found to increase the level of DNA interstrand cross-linking (ISC) formed at neutral pH with an enhancement observed as the pH was decreased to 5.8. The analogues used were symmetrically alkyl-substituted carbamoyl ester analogues of AZQ (D1-D7),(More)