Choong Hwan Kwak

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BACKGROUND As compared with whites, East Asians more often carry the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 loss-of-function (LOF) allele with the CYP2C19*3 variant. The influence of the CYP2C19 LOF alleles (*2 and *3) on clopidogrel response and clinical outcomes in East Asians with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been reported. We sought to evaluate the(More)
INTRODUCTION Carriage of CYP2C19*2 allele is associated with diminished platelet response to clopidogrel. However, the loss-of-function impact of CYP2C19*3 allele on antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel has not been definitely verified. We conducted this study to compare decreased response to clopidogrel according to carriage of CYP2C19*2 vs. *3 allele. (More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine the impact of gene polymorphisms on platelet reactivity (PR) after clopidogrel 150 mg/day in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND Although high maintenance-dose (MD) clopidogrel reduces PR, it is unknown whether gene polymorphisms are related with the risk of high(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of adjunctive cilostazol in patients with high post-treatment platelet reactivity (HPPR) undergoing coronary stenting. BACKGROUND Although addition of cilostazol to dual antiplatelet therapy enhances adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet inhibition, it is unknown whether adjunctive(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal platelet inhibition is an important therapeutic adjunct in patients acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing coronary stenting. Whether adjunctive cilostazol to dual antiplatelet therapy (triple antiplatelet therapy) can inhibit enhanced platelet reactivity in patients with AMI yet has not been determined. The aim of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Among patients treated with clopidogrel, carriers of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 loss-of-function allele have shown increased platelet reactivity and higher rates of ischemic events. Although adjunctive cilostazol to dual antiplatelet therapy (or "triple antiplatelet therapy") intensifies platelet inhibition, it remains unknown whether triple(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the degree of platelet inhibition by adjunctive cilostazol in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) according to hepatic cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) genotype. BACKGROUND Although adjunctive cilostazol intensifies platelet inhibition in AMI patients, it is not established whether this regimen can(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In patients with coronary artery stents, the cost of clopidogrel has been cited as a factor in the premature discontinuation of therapy. Thus, the introduction of lower-cost generic clopidogrel may increase patient compliance. However, platelet inhibition by generic clopidogrel has not been compared to the original clopidogrel formulation in(More)
Gangliosides are sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipids which play a role in neuronal functions. Among the gangliosides, tetrasialoganglioside GQ1b shows neurotrophic factor-like actions, such as increasing neurite outgrowth, cell proliferation, and long-term potentiation. In addition, we recently reported that GQ1b improves spatial learning and memory(More)