Choo Beng Chew

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The HIV protease-reverse transcriptase (PR-RT) (1047 bp), gp120-env (891 bp) and gp41-env (547 bp) regions from the plasma of 115 HIV-1-infected patients in Kuala Lumpur (KL), Malaysia were sequenced. Detailed phylogenetic and bootscanning analyses were performed to determine the mosaic structure of the HIV-1 strains and their recombination breakpoint(s).(More)
BACKGROUND Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can successfully reduce plasma and tissue levels of HIV-1 RNA and results in reductions in HIV-related morbidity and mortality, but the slow viral evolution during therapy in cellular reservoirs is a continuing problem. In addition, little remains known how viral evolutionary process may differ between(More)
OBJECTIVES HLA-B*5701 strongly predicts abacavir hypersensitivity (HSR), but implementation of effective routine screening into clinical practice requires testing be practical and accurate. We tested the proficiency of HLA-B*5701 typing among laboratories using sequence-specific primer PCR. DESIGN AND METHODS DNA panels (1 and 2) were distributed to seven(More)
BACKGROUND HIV drug resistance mutations both in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and plasma have the ability to influence the outcome of highly active antiretroviral therapy for HIV patients. PBMCs harbor archival proviral DNA, are a major source of HIV and also underdo latent infection during suppressive HAART. OBJECTIVES The main objectives(More)
BACKGROUND Commercial human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) ribonucleic acid (RNA) quantification assays vary in their ability to quantify different subtypes of HIV-1, a problem in regions where multipte HIV-1 subtypes may be circulating. OBJECTIVES To assess commercial HIV-1 RNA quantification assays on two plasma panels. Panel 1 consisted of HIV-1(More)
The isolation of dengue viruses from clinical specimens has always posed a particularly difficult problem. The use of invertebrate cell cultures such as AP-61 and C6/36 has reduced the time required for definitive diagnosis to within a week. More recently, inoculation of adult mosquitoes has been used but it requires more than a week to reach a confirmed(More)
CD4+ T lymphocytes are the primary target of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), but there is increasing evidence that other immune cells in the blood, including CD8+ T lymphocytes and monocytes, are also productively infected. The extent to which these additional cellular reservoirs contribute to ongoing immunodeficiency and viral persistence(More)
Mutations in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) are a major impediment to successful highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and the design of anti-HIV vaccines. Although HAART has made long-term suppression of HIV a reality, drug resistance, drug toxicity, drug penetration, adherence to therapy, low levels of continued viral replication in(More)