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Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne pathogen with reported cases in Africa, Asia, and large outbreaks in the Pacific. No autochthonous ZIKV infections have been confirmed in Thailand. However, there have been several cases reported in travelers returning from Thailand. Here we report seven cases of acute ZIKV infection in Thai residents across(More)
adaptation. Various analyses are ongoing to answer questions about the route of transmission among seals and possible transmissibility to humans. Note added in proof: Zohari et al. also recently reported the involvement of avian influenza A(H10N7) virus in mass deaths of harbor seals in Sweden (Euro Surveill. et al. Human influenza A H5N1 virus related to a(More)
The evolution of dengue virus (DENV) is characterized by phylogenetic trees that have a strong temporal structure punctuated by dramatic changes in clade frequency. To determine the cause of these large-scale phylogenetic patterns, we examined the evolutionary history of DENV serotype 1 (DENV-1) and DENV-3 in Thailand, where gene sequence and(More)
Dengue represents a major public health problem in Thailand, with all four viral serotypes co-circulating. Dengue virus serotype 4 (DENV-4) is the least frequently sampled serotype, although one that is often associated with hemorrhagic fever during secondary infection. To determine the evolutionary forces shaping the genetic diversity of DENV-4, and(More)
Here, we present the complete genome sequences of two Zika virus (ZIKV) strains, Zika virus/Homo sapiens-tc/THA/2014/SV0127-14 and Zika virus/H. sapiens-tc/PHL/2012/CPC-0740, isolated from the blood of patients collected in Thailand, 2014, and the Philippines, 2012, respectively. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis showed that both strains belong to the(More)
Dengue virus type 2 (DENV-2) is a common viral infection and an important health concern in South-East Asia. To determine the molecular evolution of DENV-2 in Thailand, 105 isolates of the E (envelope) gene and 10 complete genomes sampled over a 27 year period were sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of these data revealed that three genotypes of DENV-2 have(More)
In order to detect and identify dengue serotypes in serum samples, we developed a single-step quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (Q-RT-PCR) assay (referred to as Q-PCR). Sets of primers were selected from the capsid region of the viral genome. Dengue serotypes 1/3 and 2/4 were detected in two separate duplex amplification reactions(More)
Dengue is one of the most important diseases in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, with an estimated 2.5 billion people being at risk. Detection of dengue virus infections has great importance for the clinical management of patients, surveillance, and clinical trial assessments. Traditionally, blood samples are collected in serum separator(More)
BACKGROUND In response to the 2009 H1N1 pandemic the US CDC and WHO rapidly developed and distributed a real-time RT-PCR kit to detect this strain in clinical samples. The results from the WHO swH1 primer and probe set exhibited diverse sensitivities for the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 strains in Southeast Asia (SEA). OBJECTIVE Investigate the primer and(More)
In the present study, 10 clinical isolates of dengue virus were selected according to their susceptibility to the inhibitory effect of nitric oxide radical, NO. Five of them are nitric oxide-susceptible viruses while the other five are nitric oxide-resistant viruses. These isolates were investigated to identify genetic factors that are responsible for the(More)