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To investigate the association and effects of air pollution level on male semen quality in urban and rural areas, this study examines the outdoor concentrations of particulate matter (PM10), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrous dioxide (NO2) and semen quality outcomes for 1346 volunteers in both urban and rural areas in Chongqing, China. We found the urban area(More)
To investigate the characteristics of water-soluble inorganic ions (WSIIs) in Chongqing, a well-known foggy and acid region in southwestern China, hourly real-time concentrations of five cations (Na+, K+, NH4+, Ca2+, and Mg2+) and six anions (F-, Cl-, NO2-, NO3-, PO43-, and SO42-) in PM2.5 during winter (from Dec. 18, 2015 to Mar. 20, 2016) in Chongqing(More)
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