Chongjian Liu

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The concept of entropy and its relevant principles, mainly the principle of maximum entropy production (MEP), the effect of negative entropy flow (NEF) on the organization of atmospheric systems and the principle of the Second Law of thermodynamics, as well as their applications to atmospheric sciences, are reviewed. Some formulations of sub-grid processes(More)
The universal principle that an open system can be driven to a state far from equilibrium, or organized, by strong negative entropy flow from its surroundings has been validated in numerous fields from physics and chemistry to the life science. In this paper, entropy flows for a severe storm are calculated via the entropy flow formula using the National(More)
Morpho butterflies are universally admired for their iridescent blue coloration, which is due to nanostructured wing scales. We performed a comparative study on the coloration of 16 Morpho species, investigating the morphological, spectral and spatial scattering properties of the differently organized wing scales. In numerous previous studies, the bright(More)
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