Chong Heng Huang

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The separate identification of the -N(+)-(CH(3))(3) groups located on the outside and inside of phospholipid bilayers observed in proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy upon addition of low concentrations of praseodymium ion was exploited to investigate the effects of incorporated cholesterol. Only about 7% of the phosphate groups on the outside of the(More)
Thermal, structural, and cohesive measurements have been obtained for both bovine brain sphingomyelin (BSM) and N-tetracosanoylsphingomyelin (C24-SM) in the presence and absence of cholesterol. A goal of these experiments has been to clarify the mechanisms responsible for the strong interaction between sphingomyelin and cholesterol. Differential scanning(More)
A bifunctional intercalator may intercalate with DNA in at least two ways. Both intercalating moieties may intercalate with the same DNA molecule (type I, intramolecular cross-linking) or with two separate DNA molecules (type II, intermolecular cross-linking). Production of type I is often assumed. Type II biintercalation has been suggested, but no direct(More)
The nuclear Overhauser effect has been observed in the nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of 31P. The information content of the nuclear Overhauser effect has been applied to the structure and dynamic properties of phosphatidylcholine vesicles. In the vesicles only 1/3 of the theoretical maximum nuclear Overhauser effect enhancement is observed. This result(More)
Interactions involved in the binding of the anthracycline analogues adriamycin, carminomycin, pyrromycin, musettamycin, marcellomycin, and aclacinomycin to calf thymus DNA and covalently closed circular PM-2 DNA have been studied. Fluorescence quenching experiments revealed that denaturation of calf thymus DNA and increasing ionic strength each resulted in(More)
Pressure versus fluid spacing relations have been obtained for sphingomyelin bilayers in the gel phase and equimolar sphingomyelin/cholesterol in the liquid-crystalline phase by the use of X-ray diffraction analysis of osmotically stressed aqueous dispersions and oriented multilayers. For interbilayer separations in the range of 5-20 A, the repulsive(More)
4'-(9-Acridinylamino)methanesulfon-m-anisidide (mAMSA) interacts with Cu(II) ion, as indicated by changes in the mAMSA absorption spectrum induced by Cu(II). The spectral changes are due to the oxidation of mAMSA by Cu(II), resulting in an oxidized mAMSA product and Cu(I). Two lines of evidence for the oxidation of mAMSA are as follows: (1) The spectral(More)
Production of single-strand breaks (ssb) and double-strand breaks (dsb) of PM2 phage DNA by several structurally related bleomycin (BLM) analogues was studied by gel electrophoresis. BLM A2 and BLM B2 produced a comparable extent of dsb. In various experiments, BLM A2 and BLM B2, at 22-41 ng/mL, degraded 50% of the form I DNA into 33-38% form II and 12-17%(More)