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The epithelial-Na(+)-channel (alphabetagammaENaC) regulates kidney salt-transport and blood pressure. Each ENaC subunit contains a PY motif (PPxY) and its mutation in beta/gammaENaC causes Liddle syndrome, a hereditary hypertension. These (extended) PY motifs (PP(616)xY(618)xxL(621)) serve as binding sites for the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2, which decreases(More)
Nedd4 (Nedd4-1) is a Hect domain E3 ubiquitin ligase that also contains a C2 domain and three WW domains. Despite numerous in vitro studies, its biological function in vivo is not well understood. Here we show that disruption of Nedd4-1 in mice (leaving Nedd4-2 intact) caused embryonic lethality at mid gestation, with pronounced heart defects (double-outlet(More)
HECT-family E3 ligases ubiquitinate protein substrates to control virtually every eukaryotic process and are misregulated in numerous diseases. Nonetheless, understanding of HECT E3s is limited by a paucity of selective and potent modulators. To overcome this challenge, we systematically developed ubiquitin variants (UbVs) that inhibit or activate HECT E3s.(More)
The most common mutation in cystic fibrosis (CF) is a deletion of Phe at position 508 (ΔF508-CFTR). ΔF508-CFTR is a trafficking mutant that is retained in the ER, unable to reach the plasma membrane. To identify compounds and drugs that rescue this trafficking defect, we screened a kinase inhibitor library enriched for small molecules already in the clinic(More)
Cystic fibrosis is caused by impaired ion transport due to mutated cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, accompanied by elevated activity of the amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC). Here we show that knockout of the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4L (Nedd4-2) specifically in lung epithelia (surfactant protein C-expressing type II and(More)
Potentially one of the most significant opportunities for enterprise integration is the recent development and advancement of agent based systems. However, before agents can be used as generic building blocks, a methodology must be established for the development of these systems. This methodology must encompass modelling, design, and implementation of the(More)
Cystic Fibrosis is caused by mutations in CFTR, with a deletion of a phenylalanine at position 508 (F508del-CFTR) representing the most common mutation. The F508del-CFTR protein exhibits a trafficking defect and is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum. Here we describe the development of a high-content screen based on a functional assay to identify(More)
The relationships between agents and objects, and the role of object oriented analysis in multiagent system development have been discussed in earlier papers; these findings are employed here as a foundation for agent design. Patterns are flexible, reusable, and effective object oriented designs. The role of patterns for multiagent systems is discussed, and(More)
Information about the saccharides expressed in gastric mucosa is mostly limited to the glycan content of gastric mucins and there are only a few studies of the glycoprofiling of the constituent cells and their components. Knowledge of the glycan expression of normal gastric mucosa is necessary for the interpretation of the significance of changes of(More)