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Cerebral cavernous malformation is a common human vascular disease that arises due to loss-of-function mutations in genes encoding three intracellular adaptor proteins, cerebral cavernous malformations 1 protein (CCM1), CCM2, and CCM3. CCM1, CCM2, and CCM3 interact biochemically in a pathway required in endothelial cells during cardiovascular development in(More)
To determine the association between genital tract shedding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 and vertical transmission, a case-control substudy was conducted within the Women and Infants Transmission Study. Antenatal cervicovaginal lavage specimens were assessed for HIV-1 RNA in the supernatant and HIV-1 RNA and DNA in cell pellets. Multivariate(More)
Hypercortisolemia and glucocorticoid treatment cause elevated level of circulating free fatty acids (FFAs). The basis of this phenomenon has long been linked to the effect of glucocorticoids permitting and enhancing the adipose lipolysis response to various hormones. In this study, we demonstrate that glucocorticoids directly stimulate lipolysis in rat(More)
Normal human mammary epithelial cells express hcx43 and hCx26 proteins, which form functional gap junction channels. Both Cx genes are transcriptionally down-regulated in mammary carcinoma cell lines; consequently, no protein is made and gap junctions are absent. This result suggests that the loss of gap junctional communication may play an important role(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) plays important roles in numerous signaling pathways that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and embryonic development. In the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, GSK3 phosphorylation mediates proteasomal targeting and degradation of beta-catenin via the(More)
OBJECTIVE Although HAART can suppress genital shedding and sexual transmission of HIV, men who have sex with men (MSM) have experienced a resurgent HIV epidemic in the HAART era. Many HIV-infected MSM continue to engage in unsafe sex, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or other factors may promote genital HIV shedding and transmission in this(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons. Dysregulation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of PD. However, the underlying mechanism is incompletely elucidated. Here, we show that PD mimetics (6-hydroxydopamine, N-methyl-4-phenylpyridine or rotenone)(More)
Bacterial endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide elicits inflammatory responses and also elevates circulating levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) and impairs insulin sensitivity. Serum FFA elevation in acute endotoxemia has long been thought to be due to endotoxin dysregulating lipid disposal and counterregulatory hormones and cytokines. Here, we investigated the(More)
PEDF is one of the most potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. Loss of PEDF was found in human prostate tumors and associated with the progression toward a metastatic phenotype. To test the therapeutic potential of PEDF, we constructed a replication-defective adenoviral vector capable of efficient transduction and expression of PEDF (Ad-PEDF) in PC-3 prostate(More)
In this report, we have investigated the impact of arginine methylation on the Gar1, Nop1, and Nsr1 nucleolar proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Although previous reports have established that protein arginine methylation is important for nucleocytoplasmic shuttling, they have focused on the examination of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins(More)