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Depth of a central venous catheter tip: length of insertion guideline for pediatric patients
Background:  In pediatric patients, several studies have been undertaken to establish central venous catheter (CVC) tip optimal depth. Assessments of catheter tip position using chest radiographs mayExpand
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Prostaglandin regulation of gastric slow waves and peristalsis.
Gastric emptying depends on functional coupling of slow waves between the corpus and antrum, to allow slow waves initiated in the gastric corpus to propagate to the pyloric sphincter and generateExpand
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Damage to the cuff of EMG tube at endotracheal intubation by using a lightwand -A case report-
Electromyogpraphic endotracheal tube (EMG tube) is a new device used to monitor recurrent laryngeal nerve integrity during thyroid surgery. The EMG tube has 2 pairs of electrodes on the surface ofExpand
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Home Mechanical Ventilation of Pediatric Patients
Background: In the past patients who needed ventilatory care were treated in the hospital but now, thanks to advanced technology, those patients can be treated at their homes. This study was done toExpand
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Growth Suppression of Leukemic Cells by Hyperbaric Nitrous Oxide and Methotrexate
Background: Nitrous oxide inactivates cobalamin which is important in the folate-dependent synthesis of thymidylate. Also, methotrexate has the anti-cancer activity. The aim of this work was toExpand
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Anesthetic Management of Children with Takayasu's Arteritis: Case reports
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare, chronic progressive panarteritis involving the aorta and its main branches. Anesthesia for patients with Takayasu's arteritis is complicated by their severeExpand
Selection Criteria of Laryngeal Mask Airway Size in Infants and Children: Comparison between Body Weight and Age
Background: In children, laryngeal mask airways (LMA) almost always show a tendency to come out of the mouth too much before and during inflating the cuff. We hypothesized that the selection criteriaExpand
Comparison of CVP Measurements in the Intrathoracic and the Intraabdominal Vena Cava in Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Patients
Background: Although concerns exist as to the safety of placing central venous catheters via the internal jugular or subclavian veins, central venous catheterization is often performed in pediatricExpand
An Analysis of Overtransfusion in Total Hip Replacement Surgery
Background: This study was designed to identify overtransfusion- triggering clinical factors in patients undergoing total hip replacement surgery. Methods: The discharge hematocrit was chosen forExpand