Chonchanok Viravan

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To determine the prevalence of Sarcocystis and other intestinal parasites in Thai laborers who were going abroad for work, stool examinations of 362 asymptomatic laborers were studied. The four most frequently parasites found in stool were Sarcocystis sp (23.2%), Opisthorchis viverini (40.3%), hookworm (21.5%), and Strongyloides stercoralis (14.1%). Giardia(More)
An economical post-exposure regimen of Mérieux human diploid-cell-strain vaccine (HDCSV) was compared with Semple vaccine (SV), the most widely used vaccine in Asia. 155 patients bitten by animals proved to be rabid received either conventional courses of SV (34 severe and 43 mild cases) or HDCSV, 0.1 ml intradermally, at eight sites on day 0, at four sites(More)
The therapy of Plasmodium falciparum malaria continues to be a problem in many parts of Southeast Asia because of multidrug resistance to nearly all existing antimalarial drugs. Atovaquone is a novel hydroxynaphthoquinone with broad spectrum anti-protozoal activity. We recently evaluated the antimalarial activity of atovaquone in a series of dose-ranging(More)
Victims of snake bites are often subjected to cutaneous or conjunctival hypersensitivity testing before being given antivenom. None of 12 early (anaphylactic) reactions was predicted by these tests in 25 Nigerian and Thai patients. The incidence and severity of early reactions was the same whether antivenom was given by intravenous injection over 10 minutes(More)
The pathophysiologic backgrounds of anemia in malaria are complex and multifactorial. The purpose of the present study was to measure serum concentrations of erythropoietin (EPO) and to evaluate the adequacy of EPO production in patients suffering from acute Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Fifteen patients with complicated malaria were included in the study.(More)
The combination of mefloquine plus tetracycline was compared with quinine plus tetracycline in a randomised therapeutic trial in 102 patients with acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Thailand. Quinine plus tetracycline is considered the standard treatment for the highly drug-resistant strains of P. falciparum found in this area. Fifty patients(More)
Records of 46 cases of fatal bites by identified snakes from 15 provincial hospitals throughout Thailand contained sufficient information for detailed analysis. Bungarus candidus and Calloselasma rhodostoma were each responsible for 13 deaths, Naja kaouthia for 12, Vipera russelli for 7 and B. fasciatus for one. Major causes of death among elapid victims(More)
Three monospecific antivenoms for Malayan pit viper (MPV) (Calloselasma rhodostoma) were compared in Southern Thailand, where this species is the most common cause of snake bite morbidity. Forty-six patients with proved MPV bites and incoagulable blood, indicating systemic envenoming, were randomly allocated for treatment with Thai Red Cross (TRC), Thai(More)