Chloé Quēlin

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Dravet syndrome (DS) is a genetically determined epileptic encephalopathy mainly caused by de novo mutations in the SCN1A gene. Since 2003, we have performed molecular analyses in a large series of patients with DS, 27% of whom were negative for mutations or rearrangements in SCN1A. In order to identify new genes responsible for the disorder in the(More)
BACKGROUND Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is the most common forebrain defect in humans. It results from incomplete midline cleavage of the prosencephalon. METHODS A large European series of 645 HPE probands (and 699 relatives), consisting of 51% fetuses and 49% liveborn children, is reported. RESULTS Mutations in the four main genes involved in HPE (SHH,(More)
13q deletion is characterized by a wide phenotypic spectrum resulting from a partial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 13. The main clinical features are mental retardation, growth retardation, craniofacial dysmorphy and various congenital defects. Only one recent Italian study was aimed at determining genotype-phenotype correlations among 13q(More)
Uncommon features of rare genetic disorders are often poorly known, as the likelihood of having them reported is low. We describe a 7-year-old boy with clinical and radiological diagnosis of pycnodysostosis, and c.436G>C (p.G146R) mutation in CSTK). He developed intracranial hypertension that required surgical decompression. Despite patent fontanels, the(More)
The Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive multiple congenital malformation syndrome caused by dehydrocholesterol reductase deficiency. The diagnosis is confirmed by high 7- and secondarily 8-dehydrocholesterol levels in plasma and tissues and/or by detection of biallelic mutations in the DHCR7 gene. The phenotypic spectrum of SLOS is(More)
BACKGROUND CHARGE syndrome is a rare, usually sporadic disorder of multiple congenital anomalies ascribed to a CHD7 gene mutation in 60% of cases. Although the syndrome is well characterised in children, only one series of 10 fetuses with CHARGE syndrome has been reported to date. Therefore, we performed a detailed clinicopathological survey in our series(More)
OBJECTIVE With the largest data set of patients with LIS1-related lissencephaly, the major cause of posteriorly predominant lissencephaly related to either LIS1 mutation or intragenic deletion, described so far, we aimed to refine the spectrum of neurological and radiological features and to assess relationships with the genotype. DESIGN Retrospective(More)
The phenotypic spectrum of GLI3 mutations includes autosomal dominant Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS) and Pallister–Hall syndrome (PHS). PHS was first described as a lethal condition associating hypothalamic hamartoma, postaxial or central polydactyly, anal atresia and bifid epiglottis. Typical GCPS combines polysyndactyly of hands and feet and(More)
Anophthalmia and microphthalmia (AM) are the most severe malformations of the eye, corresponding respectively to reduced size or absent ocular globe. Wide genetic heterogeneity has been reported and different genes have been demonstrated to be causative of syndromic and non-syndromic forms of AM. We screened seven AM genes [GDF6 (growth differentiation(More)
OBJECTIVE We screened a large series of individuals with congenital mirror movements (CMM) for mutations in the 2 identified causative genes, DCC and RAD51. METHODS We studied 6 familial and 20 simplex CMM cases. Each patient had a standardized neurologic assessment. Analysis of DCC and RAD51 coding regions included Sanger sequencing and a quantitative(More)