Chloé Najac

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Due to the specific compartmentation of brain metabolites, diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance spectroscopy opens unique insight into neuronal and astrocytic microstructures. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of brain metabolites depends on various intracellular parameters including cytosol viscosity and molecular crowding. When diffusion time (t(More)
Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) are characteristic of low-grade gliomas. We recently showed that mutant IDH1 cells reprogram cellular metabolism by down-regulating pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activity. Reduced pyruvate metabolism via PDH could lead to increased pyruvate conversion to lactate. The goal of this study was therefore to(More)
Metabolic imaging of brain tumors using (13)C Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) of hyperpolarized [1-(13)C] pyruvate is a promising neuroimaging strategy which, after a decade of preclinical success in glioblastoma (GBM) models, is now entering clinical trials in multiple centers. Typically, the presence of GBM has been associated with elevated(More)
Due to their pure intracellular compartmentation, the translational diffusion of brain metabolites in vivo depends on the intracellular environment, including viscosity, molecular crowding and subcellular structures. However, as the diffusion time is increased, metabolites have enough time to significantly encounter cell boundaries, so that cell size and(More)
The brain is one of the most complex organs, and tools are lacking to assess its cellular morphology in vivo. Here we combine original diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy acquisition and novel modeling strategies to explore the possibility of quantifying brain cell morphology noninvasively. First, the diffusion of cell-specific(More)
First described in 2003, the dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) technique, combined with (13)C magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), has since been used in numerous metabolic studies and has become a valuable metabolic imaging method. DNP dramatically increases the level of polarization of (13)C-labeled compounds resulting in an increase in the(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are highly prevalent inflammatory cells that play a key role in tumor development and are considered therapeutic targets. MDSCs promote tumor growth by blocking T-cell-mediated anti-tumoral immune response through depletion of arginine that is essential for T-cell proliferation. To deplete arginine, MDSCs express(More)
Proinflammatory mononuclear phagocytes (MPs) play a crucial role in the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other neurodegenerative diseases. Despite advances in neuroimaging, there are currently limited available methods enabling noninvasive detection of MPs in vivo. Interestingly, upon activation and subsequent differentiation toward a(More)
PURPOSE To develop a lump-element double-tuned common-mode-differential-mode (CMDM) radiofrequency (RF) surface coil with independent frequency tuning capacity for MRS and MRI applications. METHODS The presented design has two modes that can operate with different current paths, allowing independent frequency adjustment. The coil prototype was tested on(More)
Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143; Bio-Imaging Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical, Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium; Surbeck Laboratory of Advanced Imaging, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California,(More)