Chittoor Bhaskar Sai-Sudhakar

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PURPOSE Evolution of anti-arrhythmia surgery beyond the Cox maze III has been hampered by the difficulty in implementing a complete lesion set in a truly minimally invasive approach. In this study, we introduce a true port-access procedure that addresses both autonomic and anatomic sources of atrial fibrillation, with real-time verification of all technical(More)
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) are biomarkers of heart failure (HF). The aim of the present study was to determine the role of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) in the induction of these biomarkers and the signaling pathways involved in vitro. Incubation of HL-1 cardiomyocytes and human myocytes with(More)
Management of deep sternal wound infection (SWI), a serious complication after cardiac surgery with high morbidity and mortality incidence, requires invasive procedures such as, debridement with primary closure or myocutaneous flap reconstruction along with use of broad spectrum antibiotics. The purpose of this clinical series is to investigate the presence(More)
BACKGROUND Implantation of ventricular assist devices for cardiac support is normally performed using cardiopulmonary bypass. Post-operative complications could be minimized by the placement of these devices without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS We hypothesize that left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), in selected patients, can be(More)
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a disorder of lung vasculature characterized by arterial narrowing. Phosphatase-and-tensin homolog on chromosome 10 (PTEN), associated in the progression of multiple cancers, is implicated in arterial remodeling. However, the involvement of PTEN in PH remains unclear. The objective of the present study was to determine the(More)
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) that occurs after left-heart failure (LHF), classified as Group 2 PH, involves progressive pulmonary vascular remodeling induced by smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. However, mechanisms involved in the activation of SMCs remain unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the involvement of peroxynitrite and(More)
OBJECTIVES We reviewed our single-centre experience with emergent operative repair of Stanford Type A aortic dissections, with particular attention to outcomes in the elderly. METHODS Consecutive adult patients undergoing emergent operative repair of acute Type A aortic dissections between February 2004 and December 2011 at a single institution were(More)
BACKGROUND The association between postoperative hyponatremia (Na < 135 mEq/L) and outcomes after cardiac surgery has not been established. We studied the prevalence of postoperative hyponatremia and its effects on outcomes after cardiac surgery. STUDY DESIGN We studied 4,850 patients who underwent cardiac surgery from 2002 to 2008. We used multivariable(More)
OBJECTIVES The Cardiothoracic Surgical Trials Network recently reported no difference in the primary end point of left ventricular end-systolic volume index at 1 year postsurgery in patients randomized to repair (n = 126) or replacement (n = 125) for severe ischemic mitral regurgitation. However, patients undergoing repair experienced significantly more(More)