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PURPOSE Effective diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) relies on accurate interpretation of radiological patterns found in a chest radiograph (CXR). Lack of skilled radiologists and other resources, especially in developing countries, hinders its efficient diagnosis. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) methods provide second opinion to the radiologists for their(More)
Subunit vaccines based on recombinant proteins have been effective in preventing infectious diseases and are expected to meet the demands of future vaccine development. Computational approach, especially reverse vaccinology (RV) method has enormous potential for identification of protein vaccine candidates (PVCs) from a proteome. The existing protective(More)
BACKGROUND Targeting conserved proteins of bacteria through antibacterial medications has resulted in both the development of resistant strains and changes to human health by destroying beneficial microbes which eventually become breeding grounds for the evolution of resistances. Despite the availability of more than 800 genomes sequences, 430 pathways,(More)
  • Z Farina, C Rout
  • 2013
The number of women dying as a result of spinal anaesthesia during caesarean section in South Africa is steadily increasing in the triennial reports of the National Committee on Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths (NCCEMD). This article postulates some of the reasons behind this phenomenon. The concern is raised that spinal anaesthesia is being(More)
Bioweapons (BWs) are a serious threat to mankind and the lack of efficient vaccines against bacterial bioweapons (BBWs) further worsens the situation in face of BW attack. Experts believe that difficulties in detection and ease in dissemination of deadly pathogens make BW a better option for attack compared to nuclear weapons. Molecular biology techniques(More)
MOTIVATION Influenza is responsible for half a million deaths annually, and vaccination is the best preventive measure against this pervasive health problem. Influenza vaccines developed from surveillance data of each season are strain-specific, and therefore, are unable to provide protection against pandemic strains arising from antigenic shift and drift.(More)
Ziehl-Neelsen stained microscopy is a crucial bacteriological test for tuberculosis detection, but its sensitivity is poor. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation, 300 viewfields should be analyzed to augment sensitivity, but only a few viewfields are examined due to patient load. Therefore, tuberculosis diagnosis through automated(More)
Pulse oximetry has been advocated as a simple noninvasive investigation of vascular compromise. Its usefulness in aiding diagnosis of microvascular compromise in a developing compartment syndrome is questioned. This study investigates the reproducibility of pulse oximetry and the effect on arterial haemoglobin saturation of raising limb intracompartmental(More)
The rise of multi-drug resistant and extensively drug resistant M. tuberculosis around the world poses a great threat to human health, and necessitates development of new, effective and inexpensive anti-tubercular agents. The availability of knowledge on molecular biology of M. tuberculosis infection coupled with whole genome sequences, transcriptomic,(More)
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