Chittalakkotu Sadasivan

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The serine protease thrombin proteolytically activates blood coagulation factor XIII by cleavage at residue Arg(37); factor XIII in turn cross-links fibrin molecules and gives mechanical stability to the blood clot. The 2.0-A resolution x-ray crystal structure of human alpha-thrombin bound to the factor XIII-(28-37) decapeptide has been determined. This(More)
Industrialization causes the generation of phenolic pollutants in the environment. The ability of laccases to oxidize phenolic compounds and reduce molecular oxygen to water has led to intensive studies on these enzymes. Although salt-tolerant fungi are potential sources of enzymes for industrial applications, they have been inadequately explored for(More)
Most of the hazardous pollutants are phenolic in nature and persists in the environment. The ability of laccases to oxidize phenolic compounds and reduce molecular oxygen to water has led to intensive studies of these enzymes. Therefore the fungal strains with high laccase activity and substrate affinity that can tolerate harsh environmental conditions have(More)
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a primary monomer in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. BPA may be released into the environment following its formation via hydrolysis of ester bonds of the polymers. It has been detected in human plasma, placenta, amniotic fluid, amniotic chord, urine and saliva. BPA disrupts normal cell function by acting as an estrogen agonist(More)
Di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) is a plasticizer used in the manufacture of several industrial and household articles. They get easily released to the environment and may cause adverse effects to living organisms. Effects of DBP and its metabolite monobutyl phthalate (MBP) on superoxide dismutase (SOD), an antioxidant enzyme, have been studied. When SOD was(More)
The structures of a new crystal form of ribonuclease A and its low-humidity variant, each containing two crystallographically independent molecules, have been determined and refined. A detailed comparison of these structures with those of the other known crystal forms of the enzyme, which have different packing arrangements and solvent composition, leads to(More)
Factor XIII (FXIII) is a transglutaminase involved in blood coagulation. The enzyme is activated by thrombin cleaving the peptide bond R37-G38. A common mutation V34L found in FXIII has been correlated with protection from myocardial infarction. Also FXIII V34L is activated more quickly than the wild type. In the present study, FXIII (28-41) V34L mutant(More)
The most important mechanism of the beta-lactam antibiotic resistance is the destruction of the antibiotics by the enzyme beta-lactamase. Use of beta-lactamase inhibitors in combination with antibiotics is one of the successful antibacterial strategies. The inhibitory effect of a phytochemical, 1,4-naphthalenedione, isolated from the plant Holoptelea(More)
Crystal of Russell Viper venom phospholipase A(2) complexed with an isoquinoline alkaloid, berberine from a herbaceous plant Cardiospermum halicacabum, was prepared and its structure was solved by X-ray crystallography. The crystal diffracted up to 1.93Å and the structure solution clearly located the position of berberine in the active site of the enzyme.(More)
We have solved and refined the crystal structures of the first two non-self-complementary hexadeoxyribonucleotide duplexes with Watson-Crick base pairs, namely d(CACGCG).d(CGCGTG) and d(CGCACG).d(CGTGCG). Both the hexamers crystallize in the left-handed Z-DNA conformation. The packing of the molecules is similar in the two crystals: the hexamers are stacked(More)