Chitra Sarkar

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Central neurocytomas (CN) are uncommon tumors of the central nervous system, most descriptions of which available in the literature are in the form of isolated case reports and small series. Owing to this rare incidence, diagnosis and management of this neoplasm remain controversial. Usually, these tumors affect lateral ventricles of young adults and(More)
This paper reviews the histomorphological aspects of angiogenesis and neoangiogenesis, quantitative and qualitative, and their applications in prognostic evaluation of neoplastic diseases. The merits and weak points of intratumoral microvessel density (MVD), a widely regarded bona fide predictor of tumour growth, metastases and patient survival, are(More)
Benign central neurocytoma (CN) is a rare neuronal tumour of the central nervous system recognised since the early eighties. More than 300 articles have been published in the literature, mostly comprising of case reports and short series from individual specialties. These tumours, though normally benign, are more often likely to recur after surgery than(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) occurs rarely in children. Relatively few studies have been performed on molecular properties of pediatric GBMs. Our objective in this study was to evaluate the genetic alterations in pediatric GBM (age < or = 18 years) with special reference to p53, p16, and p27 protein expression, alterations of the epidermal growth factor(More)
Amongst the mixed glioneuronal tumours, ‘papillary glioneuronal tumour’, a new variant, has been described recently. We report a case of papillary glioneuronal tumour in a 4-year-old boy who presented with fever, weakness of left upper and lower limbs and headache for the last 2.5 month. Radiologic examination showed a cystic space-occupying lesion with(More)
Spindle cell oncocytoma of the adenohypophysis is a recently described, spindle and granular cell, S-100 protein-positive, GFAP-negative, neuroendocrine marker-negative, mitochondria-rich neoplasm of uncertain histogenesis that can clinically and radiologically mimic pituitary adenoma. We present two cases of this entity to extend understanding of this(More)
In the present series, the clinical and pathological features of 29 patients of gliosarcoma diagnosed over a 12 yr period (1984-1995) are reviewed. Gliosarcomas constituted 0.48 per cent of all intracranial tumours and 4.9 per cent of all cases of glioblastoma multiforme. Most patients (68.6%) with these tumours were above 40 yr of age. However, an(More)
Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGAs) are relatively rare tumors but occur commonly in the setting of the familial syndrome of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). In view of its varied morphology, i.e. resemblance to astrocytic and ganglion cells, its histogenesis remains controversial. We studied 23 cases of SEGA, 19 from our own institute and 4 from(More)
OBJECT Mutations of the gene encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) have been shown in a significant proportion of diffuse gliomas. These mutations are specific to gliomas and their utility for diagnosis and prognostication of these tumors is being proclaimed. The present study was conducted with the aim of assessing frequency of IDH1 mutations in gliomas,(More)
BACKGROUND Choroid plexus papillomas (CPPs) are rare, accounting for less than 1% of all intracranial tumors in adults. However, they are relatively more common in childhood and constitute 1.5 to 4% of intracranial tumors. DESCRIPTION They are most often located in the lateral ventricle, followed by the fourth and third ventricles and, rarely, in the(More)