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Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disorder with far-reaching health implications. One of the major consequences of OSAS is an impact on neurocognitive functioning. Several studies have shown that OSAS has an adverse effect on inductive and deductive reasoning, attention, vigilance, learning, and memory. Neurocognitive impairment can be(More)
OSA is associated with significant adverse outcomes with far-reaching health-care implications. OSA is much more common and severe in patients with Down syndrome (DS) than in the general population, yet there is a striking lack of literature in this area. In this review article, we have summarized the current state of knowledge and presented the available(More)
Parasitic infections are prevalent in certain parts of the world and may cause pleural involvement, which often goes unrecognized. Common parasites involving the pleura include Entamoeba histolytica, Echinococcus granulosus and Paragonimus westermani. Amebiasis can cause empyema with "anchovy sauce" pus, reactive pleural effusions and bronchopleural fistula(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) may be associated with cognitive impairment (CI). The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of risk factors and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on a screening tool for cognitive function. METHODS The Mail-In Cognitive Function Screening Instrument (MCFSI) is a self-administered test(More)
INTRODUCTION Drugs that target dynamic hyperinflation such as long-acting β-2 agonists and long-acting antimuscarinic antagonists form a cornerstone of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management. The idea of combining these two medications in a single formulation, which may potentially improve patient compliance, is novel and attractive. (More)
INTRODUCTION Adenotonsillectomy (T&A) has been associated with postoperative weight gain in children. The purpose of this study is to determine whether a similar association exists in children with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS The medical records of 311 DS patients were reviewed. Subjects were classified into either a control group or surgical group based(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the main treatment of OSA. The present study explores the impact of CPAP on cardiovascular outcomes. A systematic search of electronic databases for randomized controlled trials comparing CPAP with medical therapy(More)
Unilateral pulmonary artery aplasia is a rare anomaly. Case reports of this condition in pregnant patients are even more uncommon and the best approach to management of such patients is still unclear. We report a patient who presented with a history of dyspnea, chest pain, and hemoptysis. Imaging established the diagnosis in a newly pregnant female.(More)