Chitra Lal

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Obstructive sleep apnoea and cardiovascular disease time.likely to be overweight. Common symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea include snoring, stopping breathing during sleep, frequent awakenings during the night.proposed mechanisms that could explain the association between OSA and cardiovascular diseases. Understanding these mechanisms is important for.(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disorder with far-reaching health implications. One of the major consequences of OSAS is an impact on neurocognitive functioning. Several studies have shown that OSAS has an adverse effect on inductive and deductive reasoning, attention, vigilance, learning, and memory. Neurocognitive impairment can be(More)
Unilateral pulmonary artery aplasia is a rare anomaly. Case reports of this condition in pregnant patients are even more uncommon and the best approach to management of such patients is still unclear. We report a patient who presented with a history of dyspnea, chest pain, and hemoptysis. Imaging established the diagnosis in a newly pregnant female.(More)
The American Thoracic Society (ATS) CORE Curriculum updates clinicians annually in adult and pediatric pulmonary disease, medical critical care, and sleep medicine, in a 3-year recurring cycle of topics. The 2016 course was presented in May during the annual International Conference and is published monthly in four parts beginning with the April issue of(More)
The prevalence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) increases with age. Since dementia is also considered a disease of aging, the question arises as to whether there is a link between these two disorders. Does co-morbid OSAS cause further worsening of cognitive functioning and would it's treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)(More)
COPD is characterized by persistent airflow obstruction caused by exposure to irritants including cigarette smoke, dust, and fumes. According to the latest GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) guidelines, a combination of inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting β2 agonists, and long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonists can be used(More)
Mental rotation is a visuospatial task associated with pronounced sex differences. Performance is also affected by gonadal hormones such as testosterone and estradiol. To better understand hormonal modulation of the neural substrates of mental rotation, the present study examined the influence of estradiol using functional MRI. Ten premenopausal women were(More)
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