Chitra LS Karat

Learn More
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that low plasma vitamin B12 concentrations combined with high folate concentrations in pregnancy are associated with a higher incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) and later diabetes. Women (N = 785) attending the antenatal clinics of one hospital in Mysore, India, had their anthropometry, insulin resistance(More)
PURPOSE Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge among women of childbearing age and is associated with STI/HIV and adverse birth outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of BV among young women of reproductive age in Mysore, India. METHODS Between October 2005 and December(More)
Prematurity is the cause of 85% of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) is associated with 30-40% of preterm deliveries. A case-control study conducted between July 2002 and 2003 examined the correlates and risk factors for PROM in Mysore, India. WBCs in vaginal fluid, leucocytes in urine, UTI and infection with E.(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have shown that the shape and size of the placenta at birth predict blood pressure in later life. The influences that determine placental morphology are largely unknown. We have examined the role of mother's body size. METHODS We studied 522 neonates who were born in a maternity hospital in Mysore, South India. The weight of the(More)
In India, care seeking for reproductive health among women is inadequate. This poses a unique challenge to researchers recruiting cohorts for studies in clinic-based settings. The purpose of this paper is to describe the recruitment process used in a prospective cohort study investigating the relationship between bacterial vaginosis and acquisition of HSV-2(More)
AIM To determine whether the size and shape of the placental surface predict blood pressure in childhood. METHODS We studied blood pressure in 471 nine-year-old Indian children whose placental length, breadth and weight were measured in a prospective birth cohort study. RESULTS In the daughters of short mothers (<median height), systolic blood pressure(More)
OBJECTIVE Bacterial vaginosis (BV) and Trichomonas vaginalis infection (TV) have been associated with adverse birth outcomes and increased risk for HIV. We compare the performance of simple inexpensive point-of-care (POC) tests to laboratory diagnosis and syndromic management of BV and TV in poor settings. METHODS Between November 2005 and March 2006, 898(More)
HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS TYPE-2 (HSV-2) is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world.1 Although the prevalence of HSV-2 infection varies widely by country and population subgroup,2 generally higher rates are found in developing countries where the prevalence in adults can reach 50%.3 Although data are sparse for India, studies have shown(More)
  • 1