Chitose Oneyama

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OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is one of most important factors in impaired metabolism secretion coupling in pancreatic β-cells. We recently reported that elevated ROS production and impaired ATP production at high glucose in diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat islets are effectively ameliorated by Src inhibition, suggesting that Src activity is(More)
The association of gangliosides with specific proteins in the central nervous system was examined by coimmunoprecipitation with an anti-ganglioside antibody. The monoclonal antibody to the ganglioside GD3 (R24) immunoprecipitated the Csk (C-terminal src kinase)-binding protein (Cbp). Sucrose density gradient analysis showed that Cbp of rat cerebellum was(More)
mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2) signaling is upregulated in multiple types of human cancer, but the molecular mechanisms underlying its activation and regulation remain elusive. Here, we show that microRNA-mediated upregulation of Rictor, an mTORC2-specific component, contributes to tumor progression. Rictor is upregulated via the repression of the miR-424/503(More)
The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) functions as a component of two large complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2, which play crucial roles in regulating cell growth and homeostasis. However, the molecular mechanisms by which mTOR controls cell proliferation remain elusive. Here we show that the FoxO3a transcription factor is coordinately regulated by mTORC1(More)
The lysosomal adaptor protein p18 is an essential anchor of a scaffolding complex for the mTORC1 and MAPK pathways, which play crucial roles in controlling cell growth and energy homeostasis. To elucidate the in vivo function of the p18-mediated pathway, we conditionally ablated p18 in the mouse epidermis. Mutant mice were born with severe defects in(More)
Drug resistance, metastasis, and a mesenchymal transcriptional program are central features of aggressive breast tumors. The GTPase Arf6, often overexpressed in tumors, is critical to promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition and invasiveness. The metabolic mevalonate pathway (MVP) is associated with tumor invasiveness and known to prenylate proteins, but(More)
The activity of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is elevated in various types of human cancers, implicating a role in tumor progression. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying mTOR upregulation remain unclear. In this study, we found that the expression of mLST8, a required subunit of both mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and complex 2 (mTORC2), was(More)
The tyrosine kinase c-Src is upregulated in numerous human cancers, implying a role for c-Src in cancer progression. Previously, we have shown that sequestration of activated c-Src into lipid rafts via a transmembrane adaptor, Cbp/PAG1, efficiently suppresses c-Src-induced cell transformation in Csk-deficient cells, suggesting that the transforming activity(More)
The non-receptor tyrosine kinase c-Src is frequently activated during progression of colon cancers. In this study, we found that among the c-Src-regulated microRNAs (miRNAs), miR-27b is also repressed by activation of K-Ras/H-Ras. Inhibitor studies suggested that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway is involved in the repression of miR-27b.(More)
Epithelial tumor cells often acquire malignant properties, such as invasion/metastasis and uncontrolled cell growth, by undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the mechanisms by which EMT contributes to malignant progression remain elusive. Here we show that the Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) ARHGEF5 promotes tumor(More)
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