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The genes encoding three RNases were cloned from the style of a self-incompatible cultivar, Nijisseiki (S2S4), and its self-compatible mutant, Osa-Nijisseiki (S2S4sm, sm means stylar part mutant), of Japanese pear. For Nijisseiki, cDNAs coding for two S-RNase (S2-RNase and S4-RNase) and an RNase unrelated to self-incompatibility (non-S-RNase) were cloned(More)
The tyrosine kinase c-Src is upregulated in various human cancers irrespective of its negative regulator Csk, but the regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we show that a lipid raft-anchored Csk adaptor, Cbp/PAG, is directly involved in controlling the oncogenicity of c-Src. Using Csk-deficient cells that can be transformed by c-Src overexpression, we(More)
The upregulation of Src family kinases (SFKs) has been implicated in cancer progression, but the molecular mechanisms regulating their transforming potentials remain unclear. Here we show that the transforming ability of all SFK members is suppressed by being distributed to the cholesterol-enriched membrane microdomain. All SFKs could induce cell(More)
Human diploid fibroblasts (HDF) immortalized by hTERT and simian virus 40 (SV40) early region (ER) exhibit a limited degree of transformation upon the expression of activated H-RAS (H-RAS V12) compared with rat embryonic fibroblasts (REF) immortalized by SV40 ER. Here, we identified FRA1 as a determinant for this difference in RAS-induced transformation.(More)
Invasive potentials of carcinomas greatly contribute to their metastasis, which is a major threat in most cancers. We have recently shown that Arf6 plays a pivotal role in breast cancer invasive activities and identified AMAP1 as an effector of GTP-Arf6 in invasion. Expression of AMAP1 correlates well with invasive phenotypes of primary tumors of the human(More)
Drug resistance, metastasis, and a mesenchymal transcriptional program are central features of aggressive breast tumors. The GTPase Arf6, often overexpressed in tumors, is critical to promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition and invasiveness. The metabolic mevalonate pathway (MVP) is associated with tumor invasiveness and known to prenylate proteins, but(More)
SRC homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase substrate 1 (SHPS-1 or SIRP alpha/BIT) is an immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily transmembrane receptor and a member of the signal regulatory protein (SIRP) family involved in cell-cell interaction. SHPS-1 binds to its ligand CD47 to relay an inhibitory signal for cellular responses, whereas(More)
OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is one of most important factors in impaired metabolism secretion coupling in pancreatic β-cells. We recently reported that elevated ROS production and impaired ATP production at high glucose in diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat islets are effectively ameliorated by Src inhibition, suggesting that Src activity is(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinase Ror2 regulates cell migration by acting as a receptor or co-receptor for Wnt5a. Although Wnt5a has been implicated in the invasiveness of several types of tumors, the role of Ror2 in tumor invasion remains elusive. Here we show that osteosarcoma cell lines SaOS-2 and U2OS show invasive properties in vitro by activating(More)
The tyrosine kinase c-Src is upregulated in various human cancers, but the molecular mechanisms underlying c-Src-mediated tumor growth remain unclear. Here we examined the involvement of microRNAs in the c-Src-mediated tumor growth. Microarray profiling revealed that c-Src activation downregulates a limited set of microRNAs, including miR-99a, which targets(More)