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With the use of Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a model of human non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), we assessed whether ANG II is involved in coronary capillary angiogenesis at the insulin-resistant stage of NIDDM (20 wk of age). In OLETF rats, ANG II labeling and angiotensin type 1 (AT(1)) receptor expression in coronary(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) alpha and beta and aromatase are expressed in various cell-types and compartments of the penis, including the epidermis of glans penis. Here, we hypothesize that estrogen helps maintain the viability and integrity of glans penis and test the hypothesis by treating lesioned glans penis with either 17beta-estradiol or vehicle only.(More)
The cellular distribution of two oestrogen receptor (ER) subtypes, ERalpha and ERbeta mRNAs, was studied in the entire female reproductive organ of the rat using in situ hybridization. Expression of ERalpha and ERbeta mRNAs was predominant in the reproductive tract and ovary respectively. ERalpha mRNA had the most pronounced expression in epithelial cells(More)
Body tissues are traditionally classified as estrogen targets based on both the response to the hormone and the presence of estrogen receptors (ERs). We undertook the study on expression of ERalpha and ERbeta in the penis to identify compartments/cells responsive to estrogen, using immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, in situ hybridization, and RT-PCR(More)
Prior to parturition the non-pliable uterine cervix undergoes a ripening process ("softens" and dilates) to allow a timely passage of the fetus at term. The exact mechanism(s) triggering and involved in cervical ripening are unknown, though evidence for a role for sensory neurons and their contained neuropeptides is emerging. Moreover, an apparent increase(More)
Bilateral neurectomy of the pelvic nerve (BLPN) that carries uterine cervix-related sensory nerves induces dystocia, and administration of its vasoactive neuropeptides induces changes in the cervical microvasculature, resembling those that occur in the ripening cervix. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that (a) the cervix of pregnant rats(More)
Before parturition the uterine cervix undergoes a ripening process ("softens" and dilates) to allow passage of the fetus at term. The exact mechanism(s) responsible for cervical ripening are unknown, though a role for peptidergic sensory neurons is emerging. Previous work demonstrated that administration of substance P (SP) to ovariectomized rats caused(More)
BACKGROUND VEGF-regulated genes in the cervices of pregnant and non-pregnant rodents (rats and mice) were delineated by DNA microarray and Real Time PCR, after locally altering levels of or action of VEGF using VEGF agents, namely siRNA, VEGF receptor antagonist and mouse VEGF recombinant protein. METHODS Tissues were analyzed by genome-wide DNA(More)
Inflammation is believed to play a role in uterine cervical remodeling and infection-induced preterm labor. One of the distinct features of remodeling uterine cervix is presence of prominent vascular events, such as angiogenesis, vasodilation, and vascular permeability. Although the functional significance of these features is not yet clear, we know that in(More)
Knowledge of uterine cervical epithelial biology and factors that influence its events may be critical in understanding the process of cervical remodeling (CR). Here, we examine the impact of exogenous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on uterine cervical epithelial growth in mice (nonpregnant and pregnant) treated with VEGF agents (recombinant and(More)